By Sango Bidani:
Industrial accidents and hazards have become the order of the day with new technologies evolving everyday and few people knowing how to use these technologies. This dangerous trend is prevalent more so in the developing countries, not to say that this does not happen in developed societies. India has been a country which has been at the receiving end of industrial hazards since the 1980s. It all started with the tragic Bhopal Gas Tragedy and then the oleum gas leak in Delhi caused by Sriram Industries but sadly we have not learnt our lessons from these incidents, with the result that even today we continue to face industrial hazards, cases in point being the recent gas leaks in Mumbai and Bengal’s Durgapur district, not to forget the equally tragic situation of people affected by the Mayapuri radioactive scrap deal. In this article, we will first try to understand the definition of industrial hazard, then go on to talk about each industrial hazard mentioned above and in what way can we prevent such incidents from taking place in the future.
It should be clear to that industrial hazard come under technological hazards and they are different from social hazards that include terrorism, which is the most prominent one. Now, an industrial hazard is a hazard which occurs when one strives for commercial gains in quick time and mostly industrial hazards happen in an industrial area which is making harmful substances like dyes, chemicals and radioactive materials. These industrial hazards have disastrous environmental repercussions as well as cause great casualty to the human habitation in the factory and around it.
Now, having understood what an industrial hazard is, we proceed to look at some of India’s greatest industrial accidents and hazards and how they have impacted the lives of people and also what solutions should we draw out so that such things don’t take place in the future.
So, what can we do to ensure that such incidents don’t take place in the future? The first thing that we have to ensure is that when a factory is being set up it has a clearance that shows that the industry that they are going to open is not an industrially hazardous one and also that this is not going to harm the environment in any way. That is, an environmental clearance should be there with the industry or factory owner. Secondly, if at all an industrially hazardous industry has to be set up it should be set up in an area where there is less human habitation and it should be the responsibility of the factory or industry owner to let the people know who are working in the factory about alternate escape routes in case a gas leak does take place.
The writer is a correspondent of Youth Ki Awaaz. With his interests in socio-political issues, he is more than willing to change the ‘system‘. He sees himself as an ethical journalist in the years to come.
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