India’s educational system is reckoned among the best in the world. The Indian system of education follows a smooth pathway from grassroots to perfection. The subject of worry for the developing and underdeveloped countries is Brain Drain.
Brain drain is also known as human capital fight. To put in simple words, the highly educated or well qualified people, after completion of their studies, migrate from their native countries to more developed countries for better job opportunities and a higher standard of living. This phenomenon adversely affects the particular country from which these various skilled doctors, engineers and scientists are migrating. These skilled fellows migrate from developing countries (for e.g. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China) to developed countries like USA, UK and become a resource for the developed country instead of their own.
Countries like China, Pakistan and Russia are also facing problems of brain-drain. Inappropriate infrastructure, unemployment, financial constraints, political corruption, lack of opportunities, low standard of living, etc leads these fellows to migrate from their countries.
In India, the graduates, post-graduates and ‘specifically skilled’ students do not get the right opportunities to further develop themselves and are unable to secure appropriate jobs to earn an income equivalent to their talent. Even if they get a suitable opportunity, it’s abasing in their positioning and gives rise to extreme depression and difficulties forcing them to migrate from the country. With the dreams of development and in quest of better future, they leave their native land. This brain—drain is a major loss to our country.
But why do we lack opportunities? I do agree when people say India has a plethora of opportunities and lot can be employable. India has given brilliant talent to the world and it is a world-wide known fact that Indian brains are unparalleled. The main reason for unemployment is that the ratio of jobs to those seeking them is skewed. The skilled people do not get proper recognition and stimulus. This is because in India people still live with the dilemma that opting for engineering, information technologies, medicine and management are the only ways to have a successful career and lead a luxurious life.
Students have to show their mental prowess in this field to stick with their jobs. In India, people mould their interest and talents to fit their profile in engineering, medical and management. The talented people in archaeology, fine arts, performing arts, photography don’t get exposure in the professional field and it’s hard for them to survive. Majority of those who take up less developed streams, after completion of their intermediate level, opt for conventional career choices under parental pressure, peer pressure or due to the unfavorable employment scenario in their field of interest.
When there is such a dearth of favorable conditions, why won’t people migrate from an under-developed to a developed country?
For balanced progress and development of the country, it is very important to stop the phenomena of brain-drain. For this, country should build proper job opportunities, a healthy standard of living and provide incentives to hold these skilled professionals within the country. This cycle can only be reversed by collective effort of the country and its people.