This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Vishank Singh Rathore. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

The Death Of Socialism In India: We Failed To Build What We Promised Ourselves

More from Vishank Singh Rathore

By Vishank Singh:

We wrote in the preamble of our constitution that we will constitute a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic but forgot about the word ‘Socialism’ soon thereafter. The Indian version of Socialism is truly different and is an ultra diluted form of Marxian Socialism. Some called it a Lohia version while the others called it Nehruvian, but the practice of this modified theory was contrary to each and every premise of Socialism.

Socialism in india

In the initial period, the ‘Sarkaari Baabus’ earned huge cash behind the veil of a Socialist dominant system. There was no transparency and accountability and hence the tight government control was used in order to exploit the common people. However, the private businesses still erupted in that era due to the dilute face of Indian Socialism. Many of these private entrepreneurs which were blessed with the helping hands of the so called socialist state of that period are ruling the very same institutions today! Under the banner of Idealistic Non -Marxian Socialism, things were designed in such a fraudulent manner that the rich were facilitated to get richer and the life of the working class was becoming much harder. Things never stopped and got a boost from the events that took place in 1991. This was the time when the government proclaimed the entry of a profit driven economy in our poor nation though socialism was still enshrined in the preamble for the purpose of fooling the masses. Foreign companies were welcomed with folded hands. We sold the markets in the hands of  the West for exploiting the opportunity in India. Uncle Sam got hold of our nerves through the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. With these institutions, we were trapped and our fake socialism became even more dysfunctional.

The LPG economic reform of 1991, which is said to be a boon for India, is actually an exaggeration. If we look at the living conditions of the underclass and the working class, we could find that there is not much difference in the post-1991 and pre-1991 India. There was just an acceleration of the growing inequalities in the nation after these reforms. We cannot forget the the Lakhs of farmers who have committed suicide since the last fifteen years. By signing treaties and agreements with Uncle Sam and his allies, we sold our sovereignty under the false pretext of development when the poor and deprived were still waiting and struggling for food in the towns and villages. What type of development have we reached when we have the largest population of poor in the whole planet? We should realize that we still have the highest adult illiteracy rate, which is enough to explain the society we have constructed.

A socialist society is the one in which there is an equal distribution of resources among the people according to their need and ability. It’s based on the concept of scientific humanism which tends to achieve an inclusive growth in the society. But we have acted contrary to it. We made our economic policies in order to facilitate the rich and pushed the poor to die without food and shelter. We are still not able to provide employment to a major part of our population which is deprived of even the basic rights like drinking water and health facilities even after 66 years of independence. A socialist society moves towards bridging the economic disparity between the rich and poor whereas in our society, the gap is widening further. What makes me sad is the line in the preamble that says we are a ‘Socialist’ democratic republic.

You must be to comment.
  1. Apurav

    I have never understood the love for socialism among people. why is it romanticized, I have never been able to understand it. why take India, take USSR, Cuba, DPRK, China, Angola and every other nation which practiced socialism/communism all are way behind in almost every aspect of basic parameters that constitute a healthy life. if we look at the reduction of absolute poverty, nowhere has this humongous reduction of poverty happened as has happened after the reforms. and no, I don’t subscribe to the present state centrist capitalism, I subcribe to individual liberty and freedom where the govt. should play a minimalist role in human development.

  2. John A Raju

    States which claim to practise socialism aren’t exactly booming or getting on top of the world. To rein in competition and curb a profit driven economy is counter productive, it only promotes mediocrity under the facade of serving the masses. Inequalities exist, but that doesn’t mean we all become equal by pulling the successful ones down, which is what socialism does in its worst cases. The solution to poverty in our nation is definitely not outright socialism.

  3. PS

    Can the author suggest name of one single socialist country which is rich, in which poverty doesn’t exists, in which per capita income is high, in which wages are higher, in which people are guaranteed human rights, in which rule of law prevails


    can the author suggest name of one single capitalist country which is poor, in which absolute poverty exists, which has low per capita income, in which wages are low, in which human rights are not guaranteed..?

    wake up pal…..!!! socialism is a failed experiment and India is best example of it….

  4. Rajesh

    Moronic dumb article.. Socialism was brought into the constitution stealthily by that moron Indira Gandhi during emergency. Secularism too..

    “If we look at the living conditions of the underclass and the working class, we could find that there is not much difference in the post-1991 and pre-1991 India. There was just an acceleration of the growing inequalities in the nation after these reforms.”
    Another nonsense. Till 1991, 90% of India were poor. Today, 40 Crore people are middleclass out of the 120 Crore. That is 1/3rd of population.

    What your dumb socialism could not achieve in 44 years was overtaken by the liberalisation and free markets..

    If Rich are becoming richer and the poor are becoming poorer, where did the 40 Crore middle class come from ? Did they fall from the skies ?

More from Vishank Singh Rathore

Similar Posts

By Ayeshna Kalyan

By Md Sohel

By Ritwik Trivedi

Wondering what to write about?

Here are some topics to get you started

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below