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With Inadequate Infrastructure, This Is How DU Is Making Life Hard For Many Of Its Students

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By Akanksha Lohmore

My disability exists not because I use a wheelchair, but because the broader environment isn’t accessible.

-Stella Young

Delhi’s national capital territory houses more than 2 lakh differently abled people, as reported in Census 2011. When it comes to the whole country, the census (2011) quotes that India accommodates 26,810,557 persons with myriad of disabilities, physical and mental. A figure of more than 26 million is not a small number that one can ignore its welfare and participation for country’s economy and growth. Education becomes one of the foremost concerns.

Delhi University claims to stand at the top in the list of universities in India. While it is well known for its alumni, glamorous student life and high standards of academia, we almost comfortably choose to ignore that a large portion remains unheeded when it comes to their needs and aspirations on very fundamental levels.

As a democratic state the Indian government brought a significant change. The Persons With Disabilities Bill (2014) [PWD] ensures equal opportunities, protection of fundamental rights and full participation of persons with disabilities. It does so in terms of reservations and making the environment disability friendly and accessible. The Bill states that the violation of any provision will attract imprisonment and/or fine. As a student at DU, it is sad to say that my university has not done enough.

Delhi University: Claims And Actions

Delhi has seen many strong disability rights movements, the result of which perhaps is reflected in Delhi University’s efforts in optimize the campus, facilities and dissemination of knowledge for the differently abled.

With the objective of making it disabled friendly, Delhi University has handed the onus to the Equal Opportunity Cell (EOC). In its Disability Statement, the University reiterates its commitment towards sensitizing the environment of the university regarding the problems of differently abled. The Statement also points out its objective of removing physical barriers and making education accessible, with tuition assistance, special equipment, counselling, and trained readers and writers.

This is in accordance with The PWD Act (2014) by the Government which especially talks about making the environment access friendly.

When I turned to Google to know more, to my surprise there has been a significant amount of media attention that was given to the issue. Vice Chancellor Dinesh Singh’s statements, and funds granted for disabled friendly infrastructure has been talked about. While the discourse on the issue has been at the forefront, its resolution has not been. researched expansively on the issue and found grave situations across prominent colleges. For most colleges, accessibility is mostly considered for people on wheelchairs. Apart from installing text-to-speech software on dedicated computer(s) in the library, there is inadequate concern for the access needs of people with sensory impairments. Access for wheelchair users also, is restricted to the ground floor only and there is no access to facilities on the upper floors.

DU is known for students coming to study from all over the country. But it is sad to note that not a single hostel in DU is disabled friendly. Many students have to take accommodation outside the campus which makes it even heavier, on both their pockets and efforts to receive an education at the university.

The Vivid Barriers

While EOC’s brochure paints a pretty picture for the PWD, students themselves have had some not so pleasant experiences with the university.

While lack of infrastructure can still be managed in terms of help we take from people passing by, lack of study material in consumable form is nearly unmanageable. All we depend on are our classmates helping us out in accessing their class notes to study,” a Masters student of political science elaborated on the problem. This problem was not specific to just her. From students enrolled in undergrad to those in post-graduation, lack of study material has been a major concern.

On asking the students about infrastructural experiences, their everyday struggle became all too clear. “I come from Anand Vihar, special bus for PWD does not operate there. I come by a DTC bus every morning. When I get down, I am forced to take someone’s help to reach the college. The traffic in the campus worsens my situation.

Why? Don’t tactile pavements help you walk and navigate?

He lightly smiles, “People park their cars on pavements. These tactile tiles are broken at several spots. Sometimes, there are open gutters on the pavements that are not paid heed to. These conditions make me question if I should rather be home and study than visit the university everyday with the risk of getting injured.

In 2006, a policy statement was drafted by the University to commit to providing barrier free environment in all university colleges where students including the differently abled can move freely. A report by the EOC was taken out too to cite the work done and the work intended in the area. But has it really happened?

Daulat Ram College hosts a major NSS team in the University helping many differently abled students across University. Having talked to the faculty members of the college and the University, the picture is still uncomfortable for me. While ramps have been constructed with new infrastructural elements, the two storeys above in the building, accommodating more than half of the classrooms and lab are absolutely inaccessible for PWD students. Rangshala, the centre of all community participation in the college remains inaccessible, evident of how PWD students are structurally left out of the community spirit of these institutions. Similar attitude of callousness about the accessibility issue was seen in other on-campus colleges too.

A PWD faculty member of one of DU colleges points out that when visually impaired students do reach the colleges’ gates, there is no indication that they have arrived at the gate. Sensory indications, especially audio, can help students know where they have arrived.

The main campus area, where the iconic Arts Faculty building stands proudly has another tale to tell. The tiled ground pattern in the area makes navigation for visually impaired almost impossible. Assistance from passersby remains the only option for these students.

Little decorative pillars right at the two main entrances of the main area are severe hurdles for visual and motor disabilities, especially when rickshaws and traffic pose as hurdles at the entrances.

The Unseen Hurdles

While there are tangible laws created as far as the infrastructural possibilities are concerned, implications of the recent upheavals in the academic environment are nowhere near helping the goals of providing equal opportunities and access to the less privileged.

With the rapid changes that the University is seeing in terms of semester system, FYUP, CBCS systems, year after year, extra time, effort, and the infrastructural help that could have helped the differently abled students to cope up with University academics and environment has become almost negligible. Faculty members tread on their toes to keep up with under researched academic methods introduced almost every six months. Hence, no extra attention and help goes in the right direction.

With the already existing dearth of academic resources for the differently abled, the new academic systems are adding to the hardships of differently abled students.

100% Barrier-Free Environment: A Reality

For those, who think that “disabilities” are an absolute reality and doing anything to change it would rather be a futile effort, well, think again.

Gwalior, as a district can now boast of being a barrier-free and disabled friendly city. Over the last two years, the government administration has managed to make the district 95% barrier-free and all schools have been made 100% barrier-free. Persons with disabilities, senior citizens, women, especially pregnant women, have all benefitted with the effort.

There are universities in the U.S. that the administration can learn from, which not only provide fundamental access to their infrastructure but also take adequate care of recreational and growth needs of PWD students.

Another success story is marked by the Amar Jyoti Charitable Trust which has made the idea of integrated, inclusive and ‘Education For All’ more than a mere thought by establishing an institution that is more than friendly in terms of both, infrastructure and environment.

The country looks up to Delhi University for inspiration and learning. DU’s role in contributing to ‘Education For All’ is undeniably huge. I believe, a step by Delhi University may encourage other universities and schools in rural India too. Dropout rates among PWD students could drastically drop. That, sir, would proudly showcase ‘Education for All’.

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You must be to comment.
  1. Mahesh Talreja

    Be it Accessible India Campaign or PWD ACT 2014!
    It’s all going on volunteer basis now!
    Need to stregthen the implementation part for any legislature or scheme, specially meant to benefit such sectionof society!

    Hope universities put up a good show ahead & hopefully DU sets the example!
    Has anybody taken congnisese of this article at DU ? 😛 that would be interesting to know

    Crisply written !

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Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

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The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

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Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

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With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

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Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

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