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“Our Nation Has Become A Safe Haven For Vigilante Groups”: Is Rationalism Losing To Intolerance?

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By Somesh Katyayan:

What is piety?” asks Socrates of Euthyphron. “Piety“, replies Euthyphron, “means acting as I am acting.” Euthyphron had never before analysed his own words nor did he understand the necessity for it. Cross-examination made him contradict himself over and over again. Euthyphron had like many of his compatriots been proved to be utterly ignorant of what he professed to be a master of. I write this, not to glorify the importance of critical examination, scientific temperament or reasoned truth in our everyday lives. I write this with an anguished heart to draw out the remarkable semblance that our so-called mature democracy bears to the Athenian society of 400 BC. Socrates was conscious of his own ignorance and in the pursuit of true knowledge despised pretence. In this process he confronted many inflated egos and this cost him his life.


And then with the chimes of the clock, we evolved in time and space, to stand some twenty-five centuries later in a different dimension, the ‘holy’ India. Alas! The verdict remained the same. Dr Narendra Dabholkar, Professor MM Kalburgi and Govind Pansare are all dead. Padma Shri Dr Narendra Dabholkar, a doctor by profession dedicated his life to the cause of rationalism. He was instrumental in getting Maharashtra Prevention and Eradication of Human Sacrifice and other Inhuman, Evil and Aghori Practices and Black Magic Bill passed. An ardent advocate of Dalit rights, he was known for his involvement in annihilating the caste system. Govind Pansare, a veteran leftist leader of the Communist Party of India, was involved in several social movements, be it fighting for the rights of labour force, supporting inter-caste marriages or women’s empowerment. Professor MM Kalburgi, a Sahitya Akademi Award recipient was, besides being a renowned academician, a meliorist who dedicated his life to social reforms, and the fight against orthodoxy.

I dare not speculate whether it was their support for the Anti-Superstition law, inter-caste marriage, women’s empowerment or their opposition to regressive cult practices, idol worship and voodooism that irked some of our most ‘pious’ Indian minds. While they critically debated on issues and campaigned for reforms in public domain, the self-professed guardians of ‘our’ Indian culture threatened, coerced and manhandled them, and we kept our moral compass blissfully dysfunctional.

We often take immense pride in quoting ancient scriptures, invoking seers and singing psalms of our inclusiveness. But this fascination of ours with ancient India falls short in our reminiscence of its plural identity. Be it Vedic philosophy or Caravaka, Bhakti movement or Sufism, idolatry or atheism, spirituality or scientific fervour, all were shaped after years of dedicated deliberations on views from differing schools of thought. While contrary notions have been at loggerheads, it is in their long-lasting engagement that the essence to a progressive argumentative India lies.

Our nation today has become a safe haven for vigilante groups. Our freedom of expression today, lies at the behest of these ‘higher’ mortals who take offence at the slightest implication of noncompliance. Intolerance seems to have taken precedence over dialogue. Grisly murders, such as these, are only humble manifestations of a cataclysm that we have been fuelling around for years. Even though this scientific age warrants us to ask questions, it has become rather common place to harbour partisan following and blind faith. What’s even disconcerting has been the failure of the state to protect its progressive voices amid prevalent hostility and brewing fascism.

Socrates at the end of the trial addresses the crowd, “The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our ways – I to die and you to live. Which to the better fate is known only to god.” The perpetual decline in the spirit of reason and intellect, culminated in the execution of Socrates. The jurors having sided with the wrong lot brought remorse and shame to Athens. Today it is we who stand at trial. This hour implores us, as a society to collectively decide. If we don’t choose our leaders wisely we would be doomed to remain a land of snake charmers.

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  1. Manoj

    A very sensitive piece at a very appropriate time. Are we moving towards a totalitarian regime? Signals are unmistakable……. keep writing

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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