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Why Would A ‘Nationalist’ Party Seek To Woo NRIs Who Don’t Even Have Voting Rights In India?

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By Nissim Mannathukkaren and Rohan D’ Souza

The Hindutva brigade aims to push the Indian diaspora towards a narrow and intolerant version of nationalism, which draws heavily from a Zionist-inspired narrative.

“Citizenship is what makes a republic; monarchies can get along without it.” — Mark Twain

Image source: Reuters/Justin Tallis/Pool
Image source: Reuters/Justin Tallis/Pool

The Non-Resident Indian (NRI), it appears, has never had it so good. The previous refrain about endless guilt for “abandoning the motherland” has now been officially turned around. In a fresh reinvention by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the NRI today is a “brain gain”: a redeemable interest-bearing asset who is merely parked offshore.

This change aside, the recent decision to NRI-ise Indian foreign policy is without precedent. Instead of sticking to the otherwise bland routines of keeping head of state visits limited to strategic talk, the Modi dispensation has preferred to burst forward with Bollywood spectacle. The breathless razzmatazz diaspora events in New York, Sydney, Dubai, Toronto, San Jose, London, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, and so on, were remarkable in the manner in which mere style was dramatised as tangible substance.

Whether it was the announcement of a new air route, or a generous self-assessment, or simple-minded claims about India’s coming greatness, Mr. Modi energetically performed rather than simply delivered a script. Whilst it might be a bit too early to conclude that Mr. Modi is indeed “India’s greatest Prime Minister”, the enthusiasm to reach out to the diaspora must remain one of the most curious initiatives to have been undertaken by an Indian government in recent times.

What explains the great irony of a “nationalist” party seeing a minuscule constituency of foreign citizens (1.71 crore), with no political and voting rights in India, as the focus of its politics? After all, this majority of NRIs are Indians who have given up their citizenship long ago, and many of the remaining 1.14 crore Indian citizens abroad may indeed also be queuing up to do so.

Origin Of A New Attitude

In great part, the scale and the type of imagination that is at play in this new official perception towards the diaspora, we suggest, draws from a not unsurprising source: the entwining by the early 2000s of Hindutva and Zionist lobbies in the U.S. Ingrid Therwath, in an insightful article (“Working for India or against Islam? Islamophobia in Indian American Lobbies”), explains how Yankee Hindutva-ism in recent decades has been able to successfully link up with powerful Zionist American lobbies primarily through shared Islamophobic beliefs.

It was reported that at San Jose, Mr. Modi had in the audience several members of the Zionist Organisation of America (ZOA) who were active in supporting The Indo-American Community of the West Coast’s efforts to organise the event. ZOA, moreover, stood out at the event “as the only one with no Indian or Hindu background or direct stake in India’s economic growth story.”

It is not, however, only at the level of association between the Yankee Hindutva and Zionist groups that one can connect the many dots of Mr. Modi’s penchant for speaking to the Indian diaspora. Rather, it is at the level of the Zionist imagination that one discerns the method in the madness. Zionism emerged in the 19th century as a political movement, which in several ways operated in reverse. It helped marshal ideologically charged Jewish groups, who were spread across several countries, to advance the idea of a Jewish homeland. In effect, the Jewish diaspora was crucial in creating the State of Israel in 1948, from what was for long Palestinian lands. The Jewish diaspora and many of its powerful lobbies, in fact, continue to amplify this historically crafted ability to both sustain and influence a narrow and chauvinistic version of Israeli nationalism.

The Hindutva template similarly aims to push the Indian diaspora towards a narrower and intolerant version of nationalism, which, in fact, draws heavily on the Zionist-inspired narrative about loss, the threat of Islam, sacred territory, and the recovery of some presumed cultural greatness. Long-distance chauvinistic nationalism as pseudo-patriotism, in effect, has become the pronounced ideological mission of Mr. Modi’s travels. At Singapore, the gathering was told that “India is not confined to territory. India exists in every Indian in every part of the world, India is in you.” In many ways, this is straight out of the most extreme variant of Zionism, which upholds a Jewish identity as rooted in the idea of displaced citizenship.

In the Hindutva imagination, the NRI as the displaced citizen, in fact, meets the full ideal of being a subject of empire rather than a citizen of a republic.

Concept Of Citizenship

The concept of citizenship here undergoes a radical transmutation. It no longer connotes a politically engaged citizenry upholding the highest ideals of a democratic republic. Politics as Bollywood-style events reduces citizenship to the instrumental notion of ideas of brain gain and campaign financiers. Citizenship becomes a cultural identity plus a business transaction: the ideal NRI is one who revels in the greatness of India and expects mere “high returns” for their investments in India. The NRIs are expected to be fawning audiences of a monarchy-style politics; they are expected not to speak, but merely listen and cheer (the NRIs protesting Mr. Modi’s visits abroad are seen as minor aberrations). This is in sharp contrast to the citizens at home, who often speak their mind, like in the Bihar elections, evoking writer Günter Grass’ maxim: “the job of a citizen is to keep his mouth open.”

Hence, the NRIs are most sought after as they carry no political responsibilities nor do they have to bear the brunt of bad political choices within India. Freed as they are in this manner, they are now expected to provide the radical edge for a new Hindutva imagination about a placeless, apolitical, brain bank, chauvinist-nationalist.

The category of the nationalist-displaced citizen, however, is not a smooth one. Those who are especially not in the reckoning for Mr. Modi’s overseas affections are the millions of blue-collar Indian workers in the Gulf States, the 9,000 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, or the 3,500 in Sudan. All that the two million workers in the United Arab Emirates, who work in horrendous conditions, got from Mr. Modi’s visit there was the securing of land for a temple. The irony, pointed by some, that a predominant number of these workers are Muslim and Christian, is not accidental if we unpack Hindutva’s essential logic.

Nevertheless, the displaced citizen, who is expected to comprise the new ideological bloc for the Overseas Friends of BJP and the global front of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, is largely expected to be drawn from the privileged Indians of the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia and Singapore — perhaps, a new version of a nation-based caste system.

By thus trying to get NRIs to follow in the footsteps of the Zionists, the Hindutva brigade is pushing them into dangerous political and cultural territory. The NRIs are contradictory creatures marked by a deep and terrifying alienation; while many miss “home”, they actually shudder at the thought of living in India. The Hindutva forces tap into this condition. Rather than allowing immigration to become part of a million stories about the search for opportunity, embracing multiculturalism, and realising the promise of cosmopolitan citizenship, the pursuit of long-distance chauvinist nationalism will only cause further alienation and breed ghettoised experiences.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

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Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

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A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

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A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
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Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
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