This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Anuvrat Dutta. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

Kashmir Has Been Facing Unrest For 69 Years, Why Do We Still Not Know How To Help?

By Anuvrat Dutta:

Kashmiri Shiite Muslims shout religious slogans as they take part in a protest against the ongoing conflict in Iraq, at Narbal, north of Srinagar June 20, 2014. REUTERS/Danish Ismail (INDIAN-ADMINISTERED KASHMIR - Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY) - RTR3UTLR
Image credit: Reuters/Danish Ismail.

Every day, while entering the academic block of my college, I see our Preamble framed and hanging on the wall. This preamble claims to give us liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship. But, for the last few months, this freedom seems to have been hijacked by right-wing groups which claim to have a copyright on nationalism. Many incidents have taken place like the Dadri lynching, the HCU issue, the assault on a policeman by some right-wing fringe groups and most recently, the JNU issue.

What happened in JNU has been called as being unfortunate. But, instead of branding the whole University as ‘anti-national’, shouldn’t we try to find out the reason which led to this. The whole nation became outraged without even knowing the whole issue. For a whole month, news channels, newspapers, social networking sites, parliamentary processions, comments from politicians, etc., all had one thing and only one thing to talk about – JNU. After that, it appeared that whoever went on to say anything about the northernmost state of India or raised questions related to the problems faced by its people were depicted in a bad light, as if they were the ones who attacked the Parliament. This situation has raised an important question: Can’t we even discuss the problems faced by the people of our own country?

Kashmir, a place which Jehangir claimed to be heaven on earth, has become the biggest headache of the people living in the country and that includes Kashmiris also. Since 1947, Kashmir has been a place of turmoil and terror.

After Independence, Raja Hari Singh, the then King of Kashmir was given the option of signing the instrument of accession through which he could decide the fate of Kashmir by either joining India or Pakistan, or by being independent. The Raja chose independence for Kashmir and didn’t sign on the instrument of accession at first.

Seeing this, Jinnah, the then head of the newly formed Pakistan, allegedly sent tribals to wreak havoc in the land of Kashmir. The Raja asked for the help of the Indian government, but for the Indian government to intervene, Hari Singh had to sign the instrument of accession and accept the inclusion of Kashmir as a part of India. After getting the signature of the Raja on the letter, the government of India sent its troops to the valley and freed the state from the hands of the invaders. This ended up making Jammu and Kashmir a state within India. Furious, Jinnah refused to accept this and accused the Indian government of taking the valley by treason. To solve this matter both the governments took the matter to the UN which ordered a plebiscite in the valley.

Since then, unrest and bad governance have plagued the state. The state has fallen apart because of the tug of war between India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan have fought three wars and several minor conflicts have taken place since then. The problem in the state has grown day by day and it seems unlikely that it will stop. So, why is raising the question of Kashmir met with hostility?

Why should the people suffer due to the inefficiency and the ego of both the governments and their leaders? Why shouldn’t we come forward and support the cause of Kashmiris? It has been 69 years and still nobody seems to have a clue how to solve the Kashmir issue. Every year, many of our soldiers die just because our governments have not yet decided how to tackle this problem.

The other ‘problem’ is the problem of people in Kashmir. The hostility in the valley for the government and the country appears to have increased a lot and is increasing rapidly. The position of Hurriyat leaders, the separatists, seems to have improved and every now and then the raising of the Pakistani flag is reported. Why is this happening?

Other than the militants, one more issue that needs to be taken care of is the issue of crimes committed by the defence personnel in the valley. According to a report by WikiLeaks, Indian security forces were physically abusing detainees by beatings, electric shocks etc. These detainees weren’t Islamic insurgents or Pakistani-backed insurgents but civilians, in contrast to India’s continual allegations of Pakistani involvement. The detainees were “connected to or believed to have information about the insurgency”. According to the International Committee of the Red Cross, 681 of the 1,296 detainees that it interviewed claimed torture. US officials have been quoted reporting, “terrorism investigations and court cases tend to rely upon confessions, many of which are obtained under duress if not beatings, threats, or in some cases torture”.

If the protectors start torturing people under their protection, then one would not be left with any other choice but to retaliate in a hostile manner.

So, what should one do? Should we just sit and wait till the whole country becomes a battleground or should we come out of the shell and discuss the matter in a peaceful way?

You must be to comment.
  1. Cybil Peril

    As long as Islam exists in its current form of radical Wahhabi Salafi cult, don’t expect peace of any denomination.

  2. Jitender Kohli

    Either half backed knowledge about Jammu Kashmir state or tricky writing to project Kashmir as another nation joining under compulsion with Jammu to access India. The state Jammu- Kashmir and Ladakh are part of the state and this was being ruled by the Dogra regime. It was Jawaharlal Nehru being Kashmiri with family relations with Abdulah family had manipulated all this fuss. When the Indian forces was chasing Pakistani forces Nehru the then PM had forced the ceasefire from his side leaving Hindu dominated areas to remain with Pakistan occupation. Had he agreed with Army suggestion there would have no occupied JK state and there would have no state problem. The so-called intellectuals sing Kashmir problem at every course but have never named other two regions who have no problem with Indian main stream. Those two regions are nationalist who never stood for separatists and who always move with the nation under National flag. How the separatist leaders made hero, provided security, free facilities and allowed to bark against the Indian Nation, making the Pakistani and ISIS flags raised mostly on each Friday after prayers. Why the previous governments of state and center never checked it? The leftist leaders have personal relations with these separatists as evident from regular one MLA of leftist continue from Kashmir valley. Other parties are Congress- National Conference and PDP who had rotational partnered congress to govern this state. These partners are who infliterate those elements to universities including JNU to raise anti-national slogans to keep the problem boiling to fool the nation to keep dynastic family to gvern. Now for the first time non-congress coalition is formed to serve state with the support of first non-congress government at Delhi with majority has aimed to fill the gaps created by previous governments between the state regions and to clean those fake informations spread in nation as only Kashmir which is a state and the only Kashmiri Muslims led by separatists to be kept in humour. These handful of fanatics slowly shall disappear as the nation understands the facts and disowns them.

More from Anuvrat Dutta

Similar Posts


By Imran Khan

By varun pratap

Wondering what to write about?

Here are some topics to get you started

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below