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Why I Think Dibakar Banerjee Is One Of Bollywood’s Best Directors

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By Neetole Mitra:

PicMonkey CollageDibakar Banerjee took the Hindi Film industry by storm with his debut direction Khosla Ka Ghosla in 2006. It was one of those films that just clicked. Scene after scene from the very beginning where Khosla’s worst fears come alive as he dreams himself to be a corpse lying in his front yard while his family goes on about miscalculated bills, cooking rajma with soda and buying imported watches worth Rs. 3,700; till the end where the camera pans down to reveal a newly installed nameplate on a newly constructed building standing out like a sore thumb in the middle of nowhere. The nameplate a resolution to all that Khosla was worried about in the opening shot – the ultimate middle-class dream of being settled in your own home.

There was no doubt Dibakar Banerjee was as talented as they come and maybe a little more. Because someone who can narrate a simple story beautifully, sticking to the basic rules of filmmaking with such clarity, clearly knows what he’s doing. Then, of course, he proved it a second time around with Oye Lucky! Lucky Oye! in 2008 winning the National Film award a second time.

What sets Dibakar Banerjee a league apart as a filmmaker is his in-depth understanding of his subjects. He doesn’t isolate his characters and stories to function only in the cinematic space. Instead, he creates an elaborate map, a three-dimensional reality for his stories to exist in.

Lucky is not merely a thief who wants to be cool. It’s about all that lucky sees as he is growing up. It’s about those private school girls emerging from that swanky bottle green sedan in slow motion with that folk rendition of Tu raja ki raaj dulari complete with every screen movement that transpires during that shot. The camera moves slowly from the boys driving the car (their attention completely on the girls), followed by the girls giggling, followed by Lucky and group staring as though time has stopped.

While it would have been very easy to portray a young sardar living in West Delhi who stands by the road letching at girls wearing short skirts, Dibakar Banerjee seizes that moment and leaves it open for his audience to feel what Lucky feels. That longing. That jealousy. And that immense class divide.

Banerjee’s scripts keep in mind everything. They are politically poignant and emotionally ripe. Such as in Shanghai where the auteur uses the death of Dr Ahmedi to create a Roshomon effect where he doesn’t die just once but repeatedly – in memory, in lies, and ideologically a thousand times over at the end of the film. The death metaphor used to sinister effects by Banerjee is a much effective trope in a film like Shanghai, which comments on the moral degeneration of a state.

But it is not just the themes and the metaphors or the script and the camera. It is the logic behind everything that he puts on the screen. The very experimental Love Sex Aur Dhoka is decidedly uncouth and garish. The violence is too real and so is the voyeurism. This one disgusts you completely.

While his last directorial attempt, the Sushant Singh Rajput starrer Detective Byomkesh Bakshy received abundant criticism for being a little too over-ambition (which it totally was), I felt it was somewhat unfair to flack an auteur simply because he tried to achieve something big. The sets and scenes of Detective Byomkesh Bakshy transposes the audience to another era altogether. It’s a visual and emotional treat simply by making you feel that you belong to the 50s! The dampness of Kolkata, the oomph and noir of Swastika Mukherjee and the silly intelligence of our protagonist all work for this film and shows the confident execution of a practised director.

Instead of passing a moral judgment and creating cinema that condemns, Banerjee as a filmmaker simply shows. And it is this showing that becomes his voice, his decision as a director. For, someone, who surrenders to his stories so completely, using contradiction and a fine understanding of people to create such hard-hitting humour and tragedy, must be celebrated more often.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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