This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Edwin Thomas. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

4 Malayalam Films With Interesting (But Not Entirely Correct) LGBTQ Representation

More from Edwin Thomas

As a queer person who grew up in a Malayali household, there always existed an angst inside of me, to see people like myself on the silver screen. Visibility and representation matters to someone who feels like they have no models to look up to. And while I wasn’t oh-so-proud of the Mammootty-Mohanlal duopoly, where all major releases had one of the two actors, and persisted for the longest time in the Malayalam film industry, I was always told that Malayalis tend to hold their cinema in high esteem.

It took a long time to understand why that is so but for me it was about searching for that kind of inclusivity that mainstream cinema tends to leave out when it comes to alternate genders and sexuality.

The good news is, I found a couple of films that have sufficient queerness in them for the gay boy in me to get all hyper. The bad news is, it’s not enough. But for anyone looking to discover these secrets of good ‘ol Malayalam cinema, here are a few of my choicest picks:

1) “Randu Penkuttikal” (1978)

Arguably considered to be the first ever Indian film to deal with a lesbian romance, it was released 20 years before Deepa Mehta’s “Fire” (1998) that has come to occupy a larger share of the limelight.

Literally meaning “two girls”, this film was based on the eponymous 1974 novel by Malayalam writer V T Nandakumar. In the film, Kokila, a high school senior, is madly in love with her beautiful junior, Girija, the dancer. The latter is showered with gifts from the former and she even makes it clear as to what kind of a relationship she is looking for. While Girija is flattered, she is not interested and is, instead, charmed by a dashing photographer (a guy). The depiction of Kokila as this crazy possessive vamp is shown when she does all that she can to make sure men stay away from her love by planting false stories and rumours about her.

Although the ending is quite predictable with Girija getting married to a man, it reads as a comment on how lesbian representation in cinema ends with a character realising the error of her ways and her ‘indiscretions’ are passed off as a ‘phase during teenage years’ and that getting married to a man is the best course of action.

2) “Deshadanakkili Karayaarilla” (1986)

A personal favourite of mine, the title means “The Migratory Bird Never Cries”, because like migratory birds, the young women in this film aren’t obliged to be attached to a world in which they don’t think they fit in, and so they fly away.

This movie is far more subtle in its expression of romance between the two leading women (even referred to as ‘womance‘). The plot revolves around the two, and their life in a boarding school, and how they decide to just leave town (dare I say elope) during a school trip to get away from their troubled families and an annoying teacher. There seems to be quite a few parallels with the film “Thelma and Louise”, (which would release five years later) , but while Thelma & Louise’s relationship never seemed to be homoerotic in nature, this film is beautifully homoerotic.

It is interesting to note that when this movie was initially released, it was marketed as a film showcasing a close friendship. But it is the shared glances and the physical closeness (not intimacy in its strictest sense) that is palpable with its coded caresses, that has provided fodder for queer readings over the years by filmgoers leading to this film gaining cult status. However, unlike “Randu Penkuttikal”, it is left to the viewers to take away from what they think of the relationship portrayed in this film.

However, the entry of the uninvited heterosexual man (with whom one of the girls fall in love with) is a recurring trope that drives a wedge between the lead characters of “Deshadanakkili”, and one of the last lines that they share is when one tells the other, “After all these years, you haven’t understood me.” Clearly, the filmmaker moulds these characters to push beyond the politically correct endings that society would have in store for women their age.

3) “Sanchaaram” (2004)

It was in 2004 that this movie, meaning“The Journey”, dealt openly with lesbian love and not just homoeroticism.

Starting with exchanging love letters, Kiran, having realised her ‘unconventional’ love for Delilah, has to voice her affection through a boy who is infatuated with Delilah, and delivers the letters to her as his words and his thoughts. Delilah, after realising the true source of those warm words, begins a delicate affair with Kiran.

What struck me the most was the representation of the intimacy that they share in this movie. Through conventionally romantic gestures and an exchange of a kiss, the intimacy that this couple shares is shown as not alien to heterosexual couples – normalised to an extent, until one day, the boy encounters them sharing an intimate moment and informs the respective parents.

While Delilah is married off, it is Kiran who comes out as a lesbian and is shown as the rebellious character – but there is a clear departure from the ‘vamp’ trope that easily becomes a part of these narratives. The depiction of how caste and religion intersect to tear Kiran and Delilah apart is significant for its almost accurate portrayal of Hindu casteism and conservative Christian principles respectively – which also makes this a must-watch for its real-life portrayal of such a delicate situation.

4) “My Life Partner” (2014)

While this film does not have queer women being forced into marriage, it does show the relationship between two gay men. This couple, looks at the concept and the institution of marriage as an exclusive space in which they even don’t even want to belong. The theme of them just having each other is symbolic of how queer love is pushed away to fend for itself but it stays away from the angle of hopelessness. However, not even their love for each other can circumvent cisgender heteronormative marriage if they want a child. Therefore, one is forced by the other to marry a girl so that they can have a child together.

But there seems to be an allusion to male privilege that isn’t bound to the same patriarchal norms as women are. They are not necessarily powerless in the sense that they aren’t forced by their respective families to get married. They are educated and have jobs making them financially independent, perhaps why they are shown as capable of ‘conning’ an orphan girl. On the other hand, seen as the powerful sex, the film portrays how gay men are looked down upon for not exercising their conventional position of power (while for women, homosexual love is seen as a means of acquiring sexual power).

From all my movie watching, a few things struck me about these films dealing with alternate sexualities. When it comes to representing lesbian love, there is a running theme of the uninvited heterosexual cisgender man who comes to ruin it for the lovers, while bringing the patriarchy with him. The sanitation of queer love as a ‘phase’ in “Randu Penkuttikal” is not something new. Despite the evident tropes, for a film released in 1978, it sure was groundbreaking to say the least. As for “Deshadanakkili Karayaarilla”, the ending was far more dark, as the lovers chose suicide over giving into a hegemony that doesn’t allow for them to be with each other the way that they desire.

But what keeps “Sancharam” in a class of its own is the ending in which it doesn’t resort to belittling the experience that they shared (like in “Randu Penkuttikal”), the helplessness that they are faced with, or the extreme depression that possibly lies ahead (like in “Deshadanakkili Karayaarilla”). Instead, there is a strong sense of hope, a note on which the film ends, perhaps indicative of how queer love must thrive in India.

It is great to see that long before Bollywood got onto this bandwagon, Malayalam cinema had a clear head start portraying love of different kinds, subtle or not. Good on regional cinema!

You must be to comment.

More from Edwin Thomas

Similar Posts

By Charkha Features

By Raghavendra

By Samadrita Chowdhuri

Wondering what to write about?

Here are some topics to get you started

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below