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With Trump And Brexit, Is The Global Economy In Danger?

By Sammya Mukhopadhyay:

The popular mobilisation in Europe has given an immense impetus to the conservative polity who maintain the status quo in the world. The rise of ‘protectionist’ politics through democratic and populist processes has questioned the effectiveness and sustainability of the neoliberal economic order. Upon close observation, one can note how both Britain and the United States of America who have been the biggest players in the neoliberal economy are gradually seeking a different economic model. Both Brexit and the electoral victory of the infamous Donald Trump have exposed the inequities that the neoliberal economy had covered under the facade of a ‘competitive market economy’.

The neoliberal economy had often legitimised its imperialist instincts through the celebratory rhetoric of ‘globalisation’. The recent shift in the political rhetoric of the feudal lords of the global economy towards nationalism and majoritarian ethos against the promise of the ‘level playing field’ and multiculturalism has not only showed an ostensible defeat but also a cultural shift. However one must keep reminding oneself that the shift of agency from the ‘politico-cultural elite’ to the ‘strongmen’ of politics is against any rational sustainability requisite in the pursuit of political stability and human emancipation. The promises of neoliberalism seem empty; however, there is hardly any progressive political force that can provide an alternative development model that will be sustainable.

It is at this juncture in world history when the “conservative” polity is restructuring itself; we can imagine a dialectical or rather polyphonic opposition to the same. The white working classes will soon realise that though their political agents are guiding them towards a reactionary rationale and something is rotten in the foundation of this economic order. While this realisation dawns on them, their multicultural brethren will be required to build solidarities. If these solidarities are built organically without ideological assertions, one can presume that space for broad and democratic political activity will be found.

While this new politics is being sought, it is imperative that the developing world, the BRICS countries and especially South Asian countries take a leading role in the process. One of the central issues with neoliberal sustainability has been the consistent conflict between capital and labour. These countries, and here India deserves a special mention have always been labour-intensive economies. The fact that neoliberal capitalism has hardly been able to live up to its promises in India is now firmly established. Even with a fast-growing GDP, 50% of the second largest workforce in the world contributes only 17% to the nation’s growth. Something will happen and must happen to tip the scales here.

As for religious believers in the neoliberal capitalist India, they will face the brunt of two equally powerful agencies. While ‘protectionist’ policies in the West and the US will cause foreign investment to dwindle, inequities in the country with problems relating to employment generation will cause popular disenchantment. These aspects together seem to be enough, in a position where there is already a shift of popular opinion where leaders from right-wing have been elected to power with immense support.

The most important task for those who seek to pursue a political structuring that is egalitarian and emancipating will be to search for an alternative economic structure. A structure that is at its very foundation will have to ensure a bottom-up development in opposition to the trickle-down which never really worked.

The second largest workforce in the world will only be able to rise if the government invests heavily in human resource development and health care. While the reigning right-wing in India has successfully shifted the political onus to nationalism, questions will be raised when fundamental questions on food, clothing and shelter are raised. At that very juncture, a political organisation is required which can organise this popular discontent into the articulation of sustainable development that is sensitive to climate change and on the side of the disenfranchised.

Conclusively, we can observe the expectation of an alternative polity among the ‘toiling masses’. There is a raging discontent against the political elite, which though is currently being driven by political ‘strongmen’ and the pro-authoritarian right; a realisation of the reactionary nature of such pursuit is inevitable. The onus is now on the political agents who have argued for human emancipation under various shades of the non-liberal left to arise and act. We are on the brink of a new world order where labour will finally defeat the great chains of capital. One must act now, for best results.


Image source: Spencer Platt, Drew Angerer/Getty Images
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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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