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“Moana” Isn’t The Best Disney Movie I’ve Seen, But It Is The Most Inspiring One

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Although “Moana” (2016 film) was released several weeks ago, I somehow never found time to ruminate about what I imbibed from it. On watching the movie wide-eyed in the theatre, definite features of the movie immediately stood out to me: such as Moana’s ‘normal-sized’ body proportions (a stark contrast to the impossible waists of most Disney princesses), the catchy soundtrack, and Moana’s charming, eccentric demeanour. The diversity of the movie was refreshing (Moana revolves around Polynesian society and mythology), as was its lack of a gratuitous romantic subplot (in that respect, the movie somewhat reminded me of Pixar’s “Brave”). I also loved Moana’s quirky grandmother, as well as how strongly Moana handles her death.

“Moana” has a great, if not stunning, plotline: Moana is the daughter of the chief of Island Motunui, and is constantly ordered by her overprotective father to not cross the reef that encircles their island. However, when a deathly darkness strikes her island, Moana embarks on a valiant journey to find the demigod Maui, so that he can return the stolen heart of Te Fiti and bring prosperity and health back to Motunui. That said, Moana leaves her island with another purpose in mind: to find out who she really is, and what she is meant to be. Peppered with abandonment, failure, loss, and heroism, “Moana” is a film that features complex and multi-dimensional characters and motives. It’s not the best Disney movie I’ve ever watched, but it’s certainly one of the most inspiring ones.

I suppose I like “Moana” so much because of its proud defiance of conventional Disney stereotypes. The first is the protagonist’s outward appearance, which I mentioned previously: Moana actually looks like a youthful, healthy girl—with a body that won’t lead to more body image issues among women and girls. As said by co-director John Musker to Buzzfeed in July 2016, “[…] we wanted her to be an action hero, capable of action.” This is definitely a welcome change from the bodies of princesses like Elsa, Jasmine, and the many others, whose bodies have been deemed “uncommonly perfect and anatomically unattainable”. Moana’s figure is fit, athletic, and not deprived of the muscles and strength all our bodies need to sustain themselves. And given Moana’s beauty and charm, this observation can be a large source of empowerment to young, female viewers—many of whom have probably inhaled the belief that the ‘ideal’ female body should be impossibly slim and fragile.

And, well, Moana’s character is wonderfully flawed. She fails and nearly drowns the first time she ventures beyond the reef, she is unsure of her decisions and sailing abilities on numerous occasions, and altogether lacks the poise we associate with Disney princesses. She is not the epitome of confidence, or elegance, or composure—and that’s perfectly all right.

Moana isn’t the first Disney princess movie to teach its audience that women don’t need a man to whisk them to their happy ending. Several other movies have done this as well, such as “Brave”, “Frozen”, and “Mulan”. That said, in all these movies, there are the overarching themes of marriage and courtship; for instance, Merida in Brave runs away after her mother tells her that she must entertain suitors for her betrothal—an adventure that leads her on a remarkable journey. However, as published by Screen Rant, “though Moana is groomed by her […] mother and father to take over as the village chief one day, marriage is not mentioned—not even to establish Moana needn’t be married to be chief.” So, “Moana” defeats the typical Disney movie dynamic by not using romance or courtship as a theme that carries the plot forward.

Moana is motivated to leave her island due to the darkness that starts to pervade it, and succeeds in her mission by virtue of her pluck, tenacity, and occasional help from the demigod Maui. Her incentives are anything but romantic, and the movie centers on her journey to discover herself as an individual—as opposed to an element in a traditional societal structure. Rather than harbouring a connection with another human being, Moana nurtures a lifelong relationship with the sea.

Image Credit: Collider

However, even though “Moana” has successfully extricated itself from the established culture of Disney princess movies, it has been criticised for its depiction of Polynesian demigod Maui as obese. Furthermore, several people, such as Jenny Salesa (a New Zealand MP), said that this portrayal of Maui was a “negative stereotype”.

That said, “Moana” is a movie that I won’t forget in a hurry. It was heart-warming, creative, and effectively added to the diversity of Disney’s list of princesses. I find Moana a role model in so many different ways—whether it’s her courage, or the fact that she still tries to restore the heart of Te Fiti even when her companion abandons her, or her willingness to risk her life to find out who she truly is.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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