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Bharat Versus India

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Two names, one identity. The nation of 1.2 billion people and seventh largest country in the area known for eminent culture and diversity. The majority of the population is Hindu, despite this, India is a secular. The meaning of both Bharat and India are same but have different ideologies. One comprises the history of the ancient Bharat and other comprises the history of modern India. These are two names with one identity with a vast difference. India is the only country which has two names.

What is Bharat?- Vishnu Purana (2,1.32) said that this country is known as Bharat Varsha when the father of Bharat gave all the responsibilities of the kingdom to him. Bharat has the privilege to be known as birth place of many Gods and great Rulers. Ayodhya was bestowed with Lord Rama, Mathura with Lord Krishna, Vaishali with Lord Mahavira and Kushinagar with Lord Buddha.One of the epic battles in history Mahabharata was fought in Bharat. Many spiritual and religious text were penned by great scholars of the time. Rig Veda (collection of lyrics) is the oldest and-Aryan text and Ashtadyayi, grammar book written by Panini is the oldest in the world. The Ramayana written by Valmiki is the oldest epic in the world.

The Indus civilization was one of the oldest civilization of the world which is more than 5000 years old. It is also known as bronze age civilization and Harappa civilization after excavation of Harappa city. Great bath and drainage system are some of the great architects of Indus civilization.

Bharat is the land of Gods and people have strong religious sentiments religious which can seen by the worship of various gods, dargahs, peers etc.the construction various temples and mosques. It also witnesses the great devotion by the World largest gathering at khumbmela.

Ancient Indian scholars had significantly contributed in the field of maths by Aryabhatta, algebra by Bhaskar Acharya and yoga by Patanjali. Bharat land was flourished by many foreigners like Hiuen Tsang from China, Marco Polo from Italy and Abdul Razak from Persia. Islam was brought by the Arab trader to Bharat which was warmly welcome by the natives. From Chandra Gupta Maurya to Akbar work was done to make unified Bharat.Great monuments show the diverse culture and rich history. Bharat has one of the most diverse histories in the world from ancient civilizations to the modern period of Britishers. The history of Bharat is unparalleled by any country in the world.

What is India? The era modernisation is the perfect word to describe the India. The word India was derived from the Indus which converted into India. Unity of India could be seen in the freedom struggle where all section of the Indian community fight stood together against British Raj. No Hindu, No Muslim, No Sikh, they all stand on one platform for the independence.In the Hindu majority country, every section of society is safe and all equal rights.India is the world largest democracy and has world largest written constitution.

Since independence, the major reforms has taken place in the Indian economy which transformed the Bharat into India, that transformation makes the India the fourth largest economy in purchasing power and fastest growing economy in the world. India is stepping towards the era of digitalisation, connecting the India through digitalisation. Metropolitan cities developing themselves into the smart city with better transport system, residential place and developing eco-friendly environment.

The freedom struggle is not the only fight by the freedom fighter but Indian newspaper gives the wing to this struggle. According to the registrar of newspaper 2011, there are 82,237 newspapers which printed in 22 languages.India is the land of 1652 languages speaking people and all are living in peace and happily.Rendering the services since 1854 and connected with every village post office. India has the largest number of the post office in the world and world’s first floated post office is in India only.

Space is not too far away from India. Achieving the great milestone in the area of space research.Indian space research organization (ISRO) sent its first satellite in 1975 from that day to today, ISRO set the world record by one hundred four satellite in space and chandrayan-1 detected the water on water by using moon mineralogy mapper and also launched the South Asian communication satellite.

Bharat and India both are same but in today’s scenario, they are totally opposite. Bharat reflects the culture and ethic whereas India reflects the western culture with rapid technological change. In our society, we found both, Bharat versus India which developed into two ideologies. First ideologies are against the westernization and considering western influence as a danger for Bharat whereas India is modern with open minded, they are influencing and attracting others to see India. In Bharat, the caste system is at its peak whereas in India caste hardly exist.To preserve Akhand Bharat civilization and culture or modification of modern India, extremism is not good in both cases. India is no longer under the British Raj or any other monarch. We are democratic.we need modern India with our culture identity.Today Indians are learning different culture and developing a cordial relationship with the different community. We are known for culture and civilization we need to preserve the image of Bharat in developing India. We should all contributes towards to make the nation great. As no nation is perfect it has to make perfect by us.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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