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What Is GST And How Will It Affect You?

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India has started towards what many believe is its most vital financial change in two decades. The goods and services tax (GST) will replace roundabout tax collection in India. Some think just this disentanglement will serve several different purposes of financial development. Others disagree. Yet, all agree this is a key change.

What other changes would we be able to anticipate? For those who desired that the Narendra Modi government would enact emotional change, this desire has been let down. The GST bill being pushed as a major change is from the past Congress government and had really been restricted by Modi. When he won the general race, he changed his position. I surmise that is great and savvy political prowess.

The GST has had both positive and negative effect on different sectors. Some areas will profit as they are spared from circuitous duties and there will be a negative effect on others, for whom expenses will be expanded after GST is actualized from July 1, 2017. India drew one stage closer to the July 1 implementation of the GST, by reporting the tax rates on different items. A critical issue is whether or not the new GST rates will expanding the costs to wholesalers, retailers, and clients, at each level of the service chain.

What precisely are the enormous changes left in a nation which is never again communist? Both the ruling party and the opposition remain committed to liberalisation. The truth of the matter is that very little changes. In any case, what does that mean from for our economic development?

The administration has been aware of inflation stresses. It focused on setting up a GST structure that would reduce from inflation. With products sorted into three key duty rate sections 5%, 12%, and 18%, most merchandise would either encounter a decrease in cost or have no value change at all.

The food and beverage industry including jams, sauces, protected vegetables, cakes, baked goods, and dessert will be taxed at 18%. In reality, non-processed food is not being taxed or is taxed at 5% or 12%. The 18% charge on prepared goods showcases a fascinating mentality. Specifically, people on low salaries, tend to consume less processed food than their middle-class counterparts, especially those in urban areas. However, this line of thought doesn’t represent the slow changes in the dietary examples of Indian buyers, with more low-pay urban families increasingly purchasing packaged food.

Similarly, taxing soups, refined sugar, corn chips, and oat and grain arrangements for newborn children could be troublesome for the urban working class. This is where the GST structure neglects the urban working class.

The middle class will likely not be satisfied with aerated water, shaving creams, and clothes washers drawing in the most noteworthy GST rate of 28%. Aerated water in many regards is a need in India. The low quality of city water has created a family dependence on aerated water. There was a chance to decrease the buyer cost for it, yet it was neglected by permitting the GST rate to stay at 28%.

The perception of economic development in India is not great to the rest of the world. Things are slowing down and jobs are disappearing faster than any other time, recently. Previously, we had foreseen the loss of occupations in assembling. This is currently happening because the cost of obtaining cash is lower than utilising labour.

Thus, work is being substituted. Computerisation has even started hitting administration jobs.

Our PM said a great part of the change now concerned the states and he would hope states change work laws, an area seen as both pivotal and antagonistic. “Work change ought not simply mean in light of a legitimate concern for industry,” Modi said. “Work change ought to likewise be in light of a legitimate concern for the worker.” These words demonstrate that Modi is mindful.

Mohandas Pai, previously at Infosys says, “I think in the IT area, possibly 10% least of incremental employments that are made will vanish. That implies each year on the off chance that they make 2 to 2.5 lakh occupations, 25,000-50,000 employments will vanish.

This is bad news for Indian urban areas like Bangalore, Mumbai, Gurgaon, Pune and Hyderabad. Employment from administration roles has been the foundation of development in these urban cities. The mechanisation of administration jobs means that this work will no longer be outsourced to India. We need better approaches for keeping our urban middle-class youth utilised. Something we have not had an issue doing for the last two decades.

English service sector jobs were the simplest path for the poor to enter the working class. These occupations disappearing will signal the end of social mobility. We must expect that the social turmoil in smaller urban areas, like the disturbance of the Patidars in Gujarat and the Jats in Haryana, will strengthen. I don’t think the administration is preparing the population to confront these realities. We are being painted a rosy picture and the reassurance to different types of distress are limited in the run-up to a national emergency.

I believe that the 6% or 7% won’t be surpassed just yet but within the following decade. Moreover, time and a growing population will make keeping up this development rate difficult. We cannot expect development at the rate of 10% per year in light of the fact that no enormous change is en route and without huge change, things will proceed the way they are.

Modi would do well to clarify the idea of the assignment for the remainder of his term. He must clarify that there will be no more huge changes and that any change that comes now, will be constrained.

By and large, the GST structure mirrors the government’s plan to keep costs low or unaltered for consumers. For the urban middle-class, the growing costs and increased tax rates are not anticipated. Without a doubt, the costs will come down. This is something that is unavoidable given that GST has been planned to generate income. To be sure, if states lose income in the wake of receiving GST, it will be the central government that repays them for the loss. Things like traveller autos, subsequently, must be taxed at high rates.

We have an extremely troublesome period in front of us. Luckily, we have a prevalent government and a prominent pioneer who is in a perfect world to take us into certainty.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform Change.org, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on Change.org has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in Change.org’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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