Atrial septal defect (ASD) closure is a surgical procedure performed with the help of interventional catheterization. It is conducted in patients with ASD, a congenital heart disorder resulting in an opening in the wall or septum that separates that upper two chambers of the heart.
ASD is naturally present in babies at the time of birth. However, this defect later closes on its own within a few days. In a few children, the defect does not close on its own and as a result, there is a mixing of blood flowing through the left and the right atria.
The mixing of the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood may result in a number of problems, including palpitations, heart murmurs, and fatigue. These symptoms of ASD may, however, appear later in life (usually in the 30s).
ASD closure surgery is the standard surgical procedure during which the opening between the two heart chambers is closed with the help of catheterization. There are several precautions and steps that patients who have had ASD closure surgery must take to ensure speedy recovery and quick return to their normal routine.
The following cheat sheet is especially meant for patients who have recently had an ASD closure surgery.