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Understanding The Sohrabuddin Murder Case, Where BJP’s Amit Shah Was The Prime Accused

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Recently, The Caravan published a story of the mysterious death of a Mumbai judge who was presiding over the case of the Soharabuddin fake encounter. Amit Shah, the BJP president, was the main accused in this case along with other senior police officials.

The case had been transferred to Mumbai after the intervention of the Supreme Court (SC). The CBI had also filed a chargesheet before the CBI special court regarding the matter.

What Really Happened To Justice Loya?

Justice Brijgopal Harkishan Loya had asked Amit Shah’s counsel to ensure that Amit Shah was personally present in the court, but he never appeared despite the court’s repeated orders.

In December, 2014, the judge was found dead in Nagpur, where he went to attend a marriage ceremony on the suggestion of two fellow judges. The two judges disappeared from the scene after his death.

His body was sent for post-mortem in the absence of his beloved ones. It was then received by an unknown person who claimed to be a cousin of the deceased Justice Loya, according to the post-mortem report. According to Loya’s sister, Justice Loya had no cousin. Loya’s body was then sent to his ancestral home instead of his real residence in Mumbai, where his wife and children resides. His body was carried by a ambulance with no person except the driver. The person who received his body has also disappeared from the scene. Justice Loya’s mobile phone was returned to his sister by a local RSS worker four days after his demise.

There are protocols that should be followed in these cases – none of which were, in this case. Not even a police officer  visited the home of Justice Loya.

A Brief Look Into The Sohrabuddin Case

Sohrabuddin Sheikh was allegedly abducted by the Gujrat Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) from Hyderabad (in present-day Telangana) along with his wife Kausar Bi. After three days (on November 23, 2005), the police alleged that he had been killed in encounter at Vishala Circle near Ahemadabad.

The incident was hidden until a journalist of Dainik Bhaskar, Prashant Dayal, reported it in November 2006 – one year after that allegedly staged encounter. Sohrabuddin’s brother filed a petition under Article 32 of the Constitution of India. The SC has ordered an investigation in the matter.

After the order of the apex court, a Special Investigation Team (SIT) under the state government was formed to investigate the matter. Two senior IPS officers, Geetha Johry and Rajnish Kumar Rai, headed the SIT. In April 2007, more than 10 police officials, including three IPS officers DG Vanzara, Rajkumar Pandian (of the Gujarat cadre) and MN Dinesh (of the Rajasthan cadre), were arrested in connection with the fake encounter.

In July 2010, Amit Shah, then an MLA, was arrested.

What Has Happened Ever Since

There have been many more other developments in the case. The investigation was handed over to the CBI and the case was transferred outside Gujrat to Maharashtra. A chargesheet was filed against all the accused, including Amit Shah.

Now, however, Amit Shah is the president of the ruling party in the BJP. On the other hand, the judge of the CBI special court, Justice Loya, who had asked why Amit Shah was not appearing in the court, died under mysterious circumstances on December 1, 2014, in Nagpur. The new judge who was appointed for the hearing, discharged Amit Shah, saying that he was politically framed in the matter – within just 20 days of his appointment.

The sister of the deceased judge alleged that Mohit Shah, the then Chief Justice of Bombay High Court, had tried to lure Loya for ₹100 crore for a favorable decision in the Sohrabuddin fake encounter case.

The investigating officer of the SIT, Rajnish Kumar Rai, who had arrested three other Senior IPS Officers in connection with the Soharabuddin case, was transferred out of the state. A few years down the line, he became an IGP of the CRPF, North East Region, Assam. Recently, he has claimed that a staged encounter had been carried out by a joint team of Indian Army, CRPF, SSB, RPSF, and the Assam State Police in March 2017. He had sent a detailed report – but instead of initiating an inquiry and taking action, he was transferred to a CRPF centre in Andhra Pradesh.


Featured image source: Milind Shelte/India Today Group/Getty Images, YouTube
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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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