On December 10th the world observed International Human Rights Day.First celebrated in 1948, the theme for its 70th anniversary was #standup4humanrights.
The United Nations defines Human Rights as ‘rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion and any other status’. However, it is sad to see that Human Rights are non-existent in today’s times.
In India, one can find at least one newspaper article in the daily newspaper which is regarding breach of human rights. These are some violations which one is aware of, yet if we dig deep, the pothole of human rights violation is never-ending. One such violation plaquing India is the violation of child rights.
Child Marriage is a tradition which has been prevalent in India since before independence. However, needless to say, this tradition is a Human Rights violation. The age of in the country is 21 for males and 18 for females, marrying below this age is considered as a breach of the law. According to Child Rights and You (CRY), the 2011 census reported that 15 million girls are married before 18. The reasons justifying child marriage were,
Child marriage is popular in both rural as well as urban areas. However, according to recent reports, while the practice is decreasing in rural India, it is increasing in urban areas. According to Hindustan Times and thewire.in the average national percentage of child marriage for males 1.32% and 1.9% in females. Child marriage is most predominant in Rajasthan, where the average percentage for male 2.7% and 4.7% for females. (These statistics are taken from articles published on Hindustan Times website and thewire.in in June 2017).
Even though child marriage affects both the genders it is more dangerous for females. According to UNICEF, a pregnant child bride between the age of 14 and 19 is more likely to die during pregnancy or childbirth because she is not physically or mentally ready for this change.
There are many other problems faced by children around the world such as not receiving basic education and child trafficking. Fortunately, there are organizations around the world fighting for the rights of children and give them a better future. One can help them by donating to them or sponsoring a child.
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