This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Amanda Hall. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.


The business that documented the case study is in the telecommunication industry and provides networking services to the customers in various industries. The case study illustrates how IPv6 version has enabled the Quantum Networks to achieve its success in terms of service delivery. This version has enabled the company to make a profit of $6 million per year due to its efficient programming of services. Some of the advantage of IPv6 in networking of any business organization is reducing company costs, increasing company growth, reduced network jam and many other benefits.

As the internet expanded and became more complex, many users entered the digital world, a new internet protocol became a necessity to help and solve problems that the IPv4 was prune to. The release and coming into place of the IPv6 came as a relief with so many advantages. The new protocol version IPv6 offers more features which allow the internet to keep up with high speed and also support several billions of users that need to access the internet across the world. The IPv6 version has been a key success to many businesses across the world in terms of faster service delivery to its clients. Such business organizations include telecommunication organizations and even production industry.

IPv6 version has much more advantages in comparison with the older version IPv4. Security is one of them. In the IPv6 version, there are more authentications and encryption of files in the internet, hence avoiding security risks that may come along. This ensures that the business networks cannot be hacked into or compromised in any way, hence assuring the business of security.

The IPv6 version has larger address space. The IPv6 came with 128 bits versus the 32 bits that the IPv4 has. This means that more addresses will be available per an individual. This creates enough IP address numbers which will be a better solution to the shortage of internet addresses in the IPv4. It will also help to avoid any future problems concerning address numbers of the computers. Since there is an increase of smartphones, tablets and other mobile methods of accessing the Internet within the business, only IPv6 addresses can fulfill this. The IPv6’s larger subnet space and its hierarchical route aggregation ensure better network management and routing efficiency in the network.

In the newer version the processing has been simplified. IPv6 routers no longer perform fragmentation. Instead, it is the host’s job to perform PMTU discovery of the end-to-end fragmentation. The overall packet processing by the IPv6 routers is more efficient than those in IPv4. Multicasting is another significant advantage of the IPv6 protocol. It is no longer a problem for business to get the globally multicast group assignment which is routable. This ensures multicast solutions, embedding assignation point addresses and the overall ease of operation to inter-domain solutions.

The IPv6 deals with the business need for a simpler and more auto addressing mode by supporting stated and also stateless addresses in the network. The IPv4 version is configured manually and by the use of DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration protocol). Automatic configuration through APIPA (automatic private IP addressing) is available for secluded subnets that are not routed to other networks.

There are a number of disadvantages of upgrading to IPv6. One of the disadvantages is that the business has to procure new software and hardware that can support IPv6. This is because some devices like internet projectors and some routers do not support IPv6. This calls for additional spending of resources. For small business with few internet users, it is uneconomical to do this.

There is the need to replace absolutely important programs which have been in the business for a long time. There could be the issue that the program everyone uses for their day to day activities is not supported by the IPv6. This necessitates training of everyone on the use of new programs and new equipments which in itself is a high cost. Other issues that arise as a result of the upgrade include regeneration of the IT Desk and return of investment. Analysis is also needed to determine the viability of the upgrade to avoid losses.

One of the backward compatibility problems of the upgrade documented is that almost all servers and legacy networking hardware do not support IPv6. As a result, problems like a dual-stack edge switches running into a DNS (Domain Name Server) when a user tries to get access to some Internet sites. Another problem is that many versions of Internet applications cannot work with IPv6, an example being File Transfer Protocol (FTP).

For the upgrade to be successful, the business suppliers and network engineers had to make sure that security of the IPv6 is set up carefully to avoid Denial of Service (DoS) attacks that result from bad traffic and can be hidden in encapsulated packets. After successful upgrade from IPv4 to IPv6, the business will be able to:

  1. Increase revenues and market share – IPv6 provides wider access to the internet, thus leading to a greater number of mobile subscribers accessing the business.
  2. Offer greater value on technology – access to both IPv4 and IPv6 provides options to the clients and they do not have to replace their platforms.
  3. Develop a competitive edge – this is as a result of wider accessibility to data, information and internet services by the clients.

The focus of the case study is to carry out a detailed diagnostic project, by assessing all the current systems and network components in relation to their compatibility with the upgrade as well as the impacts of the upgrade. In addition, the case study provided feasibility of the assessment recommendations as regards software and hardware requirements and changes to the existing systems.

The conversion from the IPv4 version to IPv6 version was a big success, although there were challenges here and there arising from backward compatibility issues that were addressed by the employment of such methods as dual stacking, using Network Address-Translation Protocol Translation (NAT-PT) and ‘tunneling’ one protocol within another. The conversion brought about new and good features that were not incorporated in the IPv4 version. Hence, it enhanced good service delivery and access to essential information and data in the internet. The issue of low speed internet for users has been since addressed and the speed increased greatly. Thus in one click a user is able to access mass information across a wide network of devices from the internet.

I would recommend that businesses upgrade from IPv4 to IPv6 if they have the capacity to, since there are numerous advantages that are absent in the old version IPv4 and come with the new version IPv6. The system works well when using the new protocol version and thus profits will be realized since the business will not be stack in transacting and other related functions or activities that depend on the internet.

The easiness of working with version 6 Protocols is great and accessibility to the remote routers is faster than in the protocol version 4. The IPv6 header has two 128 bit addresses which have a fixed length of 40 bytes, thus allowing for faster processing of information from the internet. The IPv6 avoids broadcasts and instead employs multicasts. Thus the entire network cannot be brought down by a single computer in the network system that is interrupted. The stateless address automatic configuration (SLAAC) is a good feature in the Internet Protocol version 6. This is because it allows for a server less basic network configuration for the computers that are in it. This feature notably helps to make things easier in the operation of IPv6 devices, particularly in the environments like airports, train stations, stadiums, hotspots, sea ports and many others.


About the author: Amanda Hall is a freelance writer at company that provides college essay help. Her hobbies are reading and traveling.

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        An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

        Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

        Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

        The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

        Read more about his campaign.

        Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

        Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

        Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

        Read more about her campaign.

        MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

        With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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        A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

        As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

        Find out more about the campaign here.

        A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

        She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

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        A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

        The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

        Read more about the campaign here.

        A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

        As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

        Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

        Find out more about her campaign here.

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        A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

        A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

        Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

        A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
        biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

        Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
        campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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