This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Priyansh Verma. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

Will India’s Distressed Farmers Vote For Modi In 2019?

More from Priyansh Verma

The Union government has often cited its vision of ‘doubling farmers’ income by 2022’. In a joint effort with NITI Aayog, the centre has drafted a framework to achieve this ambitious target. Nonetheless, lack of awareness and inability to foresee any fundamental change in their living standards have left most of the farmers dejected.

It is essential to note that farmers’ income is extremely volatile; it’s affected by monsoon rains, excess crop production, fluctuation in domestic and international market prices, MSPs and political instability. Therefore, any irregularity — results in massive protests.

On 2nd October 2018, more than 30,000 farmers led by Bharatiya Kisan Union leader Rakesh Tikait protested in Delhi against the lackadaisical approach of the union government towards reviving the stressed primary sector and improving the farmers purchasing power. Their primary demand was MSP (Minimum Support Price) hike – which is the price that the Government of India pays to procure food grains for distributing them through the Public Distribution System. Most farmers in India are underpaid for their labour inputs, and a majority of them are under heavy debts.

Therefore, Swaminathan Commission report of 2006 recommended the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs to give MSP over C2 costs (comprehensive cost + imputed rent and interest on owned land and capital). The report emphasised that MSP on C2 would enhance the farmer’s income to an extent – which will help them in repaying their loans, and getting financially stability. But the lack of budgetary allocation and fiscal consolidation target didn’t permit the government to fulfil these demands. Other demands made by the farmers were the clearance of pending sugarcane payments, monthly pension for farmers over 60 years of age, loan waivers etc.

Land acquisition is another factor that makes the govt. guilty of ignoring farmer’s concerns. Unfair price, forced acquisitions and improper rehabilitation have made this entire process non-transparent and unjust.

The protest ended after the govt. assured to meet some of the demands mentioned above.

How Much Can The Centre Do For The Distressed Farmers?

It’s evident that farmers are the most exploited workforce in our country. And this exploitation dates back to the colonial era. Gandhi, Nehru, Sardar Patel – all of them aspired to see an independent India – of empowered farmers.  Ever since India’s independence — thousands of attempts have been made, hundreds of policies have been implemented, an infinite amount of money has been spent, but no significant change has been observed in farmers’ living standards.

NITI Aayog’s proposed framework is the most meaningful strategy that the govt. intends to comply with, for doubling farmers’ income by 2022. The framework aims to increase crop production, crop intensity, efficiency of input, productivity of livestock, and also shift cultivators to other jobs. Furthermore, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sichai Yojana, Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, National Food Security Mission and e-NAM platforms are solid schemes that will help in amplifying the NITI Aayog’s target.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana has not yet provided the intended results, as there have been complaints of severe mismanagement and the insurance companies have frequently failed to provide the necessary claims. Thus, it becomes imperative for govt. to ensure that this scheme is fairly implemented.

Again, giving high MSP (C2) is not an easy decision as the govt. as it is also responsible for the overall growth of the economy. So, several economic factors influence the govt.’s crop pricing policies. For example, if farmers get more disposable income (by getting more money for their crops, in terms of high MSP), inflation may spike up as more money in hand results in increased purchasing power. The government and Reserve Bank of India’s priorities are maintaining stable inflation to GDP ratio – like any other fast-growing economies; this makes meeting all the demands made by farmers difficult.

Narendra Modi Ji should gear up for a major battle in 2019 general elections. With protests transpiring across the country; appeasement of farmers seems to be a challenging job. Modi Ji should make special efforts to make every farmer understand the importance of his govt.’s vision and policies. Making government officials visit remote places and spread awareness about his plans can be a helpful move.

Modi Ji needs to win back the trust of our country’s farmers – as the current situation will only make it difficult for his cabinet to make a comeback in 2019.

Will the farmers who are currently facing challenges due to the government’s schemes and policies, vote for Narendra Modi in 2019? — You tell me.

Created by Priyansh Verma

Will half of India's population vote for Narendra Modi in 2019?
You must be to comment.

More from Priyansh Verma

Similar Posts

By Prabhanu Kumar Das

By Ankita Marwaha

By Soumita Sen

Wondering what to write about?

Here are some topics to get you started

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below