This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Abhishek Pandey. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

3 Lives Are Lost Every 10 Minutes In India Because We Don’t Pay Attention To This Issue

More from Abhishek Pandey

Safer Roads for YouEditor’s Note: This post is a part of #SaferRoadsForYou, a campaign by Safer Roads for Gurugram and Youth Ki Awaaz to understand the behaviour of road users and advocate for the importance of road safety. Join this conversation and tell us about your experience on Indian roads here.

The Government of India is speaking about building international relationships, focusing on solving the agrarian crisis and infrastructural developments, coming up with numerous schemes pertaining to rural and urban development, sanitation and health, and many more. But what about resolving one of the fundamental issues – road accidents – which has been present over several decades. However, no definitive measure has been taken by both central and state governments including the urban local bodies to resolve this issue. There are concrete statistics available to justify this statement. In India, the total deaths due to road accidents is around 1,50,000 per year which is equal to 400 accidents per day. In 2017, road accidents led to 3 deaths every 10 minutes. Further, if you categorize these accidents based on the vehicles, then two-wheelers accounted for the highest share. However, compared to 2016 data, there has been a decline in road accidents by 3%, yet the numbers are large enough and a tremendous amount of work needs to be done.

Awakening Statistics

The statistics provided here is as per Ministry of Road, Transport & Highways, 2017. The overall road accidents in 2017 accounted for 4,64,910 wherein 1,47,913 lost their lives and 4,70,975 faced severe injuries. Maximum accidents have happened on roads other than national and state highways which accounts for around 45%. These are the roads that are not properly planned and managed – usually found in cities. Further, the maximum accidents (50.5%) have happened in open areas based on the road environment. Considering road features, the maximum accidents (64.2%) have happened on the straight road. The contribution of potholes is 2% but the conversion rate to death is high which presents potholes as another major contribution after straight roads. Finally, if the impact of weather is considered, then the majority of the accidents have happened in clear/sunny weather (73.3%). This is due to the fact that the maximum time the weather is clear. But the next one in the list is the rainy season when the maximum road accidents have occurred. Adding to this, as per the report of UNESCAP, each year India loses 3% of its GDP due to road traffic accidents. This shows that road accidents is something worth giving attention to and has to be on the priority list of the country’s agenda.


People in India consider road accidents to be the most often a thing to happen and call it an unfortunate event or destiny rather than reacting towards it. This is due to the fact that nothing has been done to overcome this problem and it has been persistent for a long time. There are several causes associated to road accidents and a few of them include – over speeding, drunken driving, red light jumping, avoiding driving safety measures such as helmets and seat belts, using mobile phones, honking, lack of traffic sense, etc. These are man-made mistakes or carelessness that lead to accidents. On the other hand, issues pertaining to the lack of infrastructural facilities is something that is not in the control of the person driving such as poor pedestrian space, undivided roads, potholes, narrow roads, sharp road curvatures, etc. Comparing both the causes of road accidents, inadequate infrastructural facilities that have more contribution. Moreover, accidents due to inadequate infrastructural facilities are fatal injuries having the highest conversion rate to death.

Measures To Save Lives

Before coming to the specific alternatives, some of the basic solutions that should be implemented as an immediate action includes the following:

Infrastructural changes in ensuring that the vehicles are not very old, roads are made spacious, road safety signs are put in place and pedestrian crossing in well managed and divided.

Also Read: Better Civic Sense Could Help Make For Safer Roads In India

Inculcating behavioural changes in people so that they do not drink and drive, follow road safety measures such as helmets and seat belt, do not use mobile phones, etc. These behavioural training should be made mandatory to complete within one month of issuing the driving licenses and further on it should be attended to every three months. This training should be not theoretical, it should have drama, role plays and simulation exercises to make the participants realize the real scenarios. It will bring a sense of critical consciousness among the people.

Strict rules and regulations must be followed by the people driving vehicles. In case someone doesn’t follow rules and regulations, there should be an automatic system to penalize the individual. The uniqueness of this process is that there is no human interaction involved which reduces/or makes corruption nil. This is possible by having cameras installed at all the major accident-prone areas and whenever any vehicle breaks the rule, the camera should read the number plates and automatically send a challan (also known as e-challan) to the vehicle owner. This is already implemented in some of the major cities but is not efficient in the way that there is no effective tracking system to ensure that the person has paid the fine.

So, to avoid such mishaps, it should be made mandatory to pay the fine within one week or else the vehicle registration will be cancelled.

Following are some of the specific alternatives that need technology, adequate planning, strategies and policy changes:

It is a well-known fact that cities usually have a lot of potholes, which gets exposed especially during rainy season and contributes to some of the fatal accidents. Even after this, the potholes are not repaired and whenever the local bodies are asked to provide justification, they respond by saying there is a lack of funds. To overcome this issue, the local governing bodies should make use of their advertising advantages. The cities are an attraction point for advertisements through hoardings. It should be mandated that any company advertising should take a specific stretch of the road and get rid of all the potholes on that stretch. This is a win-win situation that will reduce the burden on the local body and give more outreach to the advertising company.

Many of the accidents lead to death and a major reason for it is delayed medical support. With technology growing at a rapid pace, it should be utilized in dealing with such scenarios. One of the solutions can be to have an SOS system for road accidents. Usually, people refrain in supporting the person injured leading to his/her death. In such cases, if SOS is available, then there might be less ignorance and more lives could be saved. These SOSs must be installed at accident-prone areas.

Another use of technology can be to have a speed control on the vehicles. Now, in cases where road curvature is sharp, roads are narrow, the particular road stretch is accident prone, the rider of the vehicle should be notified with the optimum speed of the car. This can be done by connecting the car with GPS technology which should be already embedded by the car manufacturers.

It is common among heavy vehicles and long distance riders that they usually fall asleep while driving and end up facing major accidents. In such cases, a mechanism can be installed in the vehicles wherein if the eyes of the driver are closed for more than one minute (this can vary as per the need), then the speed of the vehicle starts reducing. This will prevent accidents, especially on national and state highways.

To conclude, there can be many more solutions, as the list is not exhaustive, what matters is the willingness to bring it in reality. Moreover, it is not the task of the government alone to solve this issue. People at large should join this movement of road safety as they all did in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

You must be to comment.

More from Abhishek Pandey

Similar Posts

By Youth Ki Awaaz



Wondering what to write about?

Here are some topics to get you started

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below