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Understanding The Emergence Of Terrorism As A Global Threat

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What Is Terrorism?

We often hear the word “terrorism”, “terrorist” or “suicide bombing”, but do we know what these nuanced terms actually mean? ‘Terrorism’ was the most searched word in the year 2018, as per which shows the eagerness among the people to know about it. Terrorism is a strategic weapon which is used to create fear, violence and terror among the masses of people by adversaries who are weaker & smaller to compel a much larger force to do their bidding.

Cases of suicide bombing occur in a wide range all over the world. In the recent case of a suicide bombing at Sri Lanka where nine suicide bombers from a well-off family targeted the masses of people & Churches on Easter. All these nine suicide bombers were well settled in their lives and practised the professions of lawyer, aerospace engineer, NTJ member and three of them were sons and daughters-in-law of famous businessman Y.M.Ibrahim, Chairman of a decade-old Spice Export Company – Ishana Export. On February 14, 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying 40 Central Reserved Police Force Personnel was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber in the Pulwama District of Jammu & Kashmir, India.

On May 13, 2018, three churches and Police Headquarters were attacked by suicide bombers in Surabaya, Indonesia. In this attack, attackers intentionally used their own children between the ages of 9 to 18 years. The Israeli INSS think tank states that the year 2016 was the deadliest in the history of suicide bombing as 469 suicide bombings carried out by 800 perpetrators in 28 countries, led to the death of about 5650 people. On September 11, 2001, four planes were hijacked by Osama Bin Laden and killed 233 Passengers, 33 Crew Members & 3000 people on the ground with the objective of mass homicide by means of self-destruction. This is not the end, there are a lot of cases of suicide bombing all over the world which were rooted from the desire of mass homicide.

After all these incidents, attacks & blasts, many questions come up in the mind. Who are these suicide bombers? Why would they put their lives on stake? Is creating violence the only motive or is there something deeper? Why would a fit and healthy person choose death, instead of a beautiful life, family, love, and career? Are they attempting to sacrifice their lives for an ideological cause, or do they actually want to die?

Suicide Bombing is of two types:

  • First when the motive is achieved with the death of a terrorist.
  • Second, when the mission of the terrorist doesn’t depend upon the death of a terrorist. They carry out their mission realistically neither do they expect to survive nor do they have an escape plan, but sometimes they survive.In both cases, they have the same objective, to kill the masses and spread terror and violence.

Why Would Anyone Commit Suicide Attacks?

I researched this topic and found that the terrorists carefully select the applicants by rejecting those who may be depressed or emotionally unstable as a security risk or those who might be financially unstable. Terrorists teach them the techniques of using bombs and other deadly weapons, provide them with intense physical & psychological training. Terrorists show the glorification of those terrorist or suicide bombers who attempted suicide attacks by showing their photographs and videos. In the documentary, ‘Children of Taliban’, it shows that terrorists tell children that those who commit suicide attacks will go to heaven where virgin fairies, luxury items, and a luxurious life are waiting for them. Terrorists either use the term Martyrs or Jihad instead of suicide bombers or attackers. The motivation factor of terrorist organisations is “Revenge, Renown & Reaction”. Saddam Hussain reportedly paid $25K to the families of Palestinian Suicide Bombers.

According to the statistics compiled by the Terrorism and Low-Intensity Conflict Research Program at Tel Aviv University’s Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), “Islamic State was the leading perpetrator being, directly and indirectly, responsible for approximately 70% of the attacks by suicide bombers worldwide.”

What Does Jihad Really Mean?

True Jihad means trustworthiness, belief, honesty, compassion, respect, strengthening the life of that quality which God loves. Refuse dogmatic profanity, let go of anger, hatred, and violence. Create beautiful things that outlive us and approach the world with love.

Featured Image Credit: Reuters/Danish Siddiqui
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  1. Kamna Singh

    Nice .. You explained the meaning of True Jihad so beautifully. One day our core strength i.e., Power of youth, Social media and media will demolish the terrorism by spreading awareness and educating and transform this hatedness with love and peace.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

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Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

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MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

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A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
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