Most of the countries, including India, have come to the realisation of the devastating effects of plastic waste on the environment, and are making attempts to get rid of the problem. A year ago our honorable Prime Minister, Narendra Modi took up the initiative to make India clean and free from one-time-use plastic waste material. This year on Independence Day PM Modi announced that from the day of celebration of the 150th birth anniversary of our national father, Mahatma Gandhi, a significant step towards the elimination of single-use plastic will be made. Following that, non-reusable plastic was banned from the Parliament.
According to a report by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in 2012, almost 26,000 tonnes of plastic is used every day in India. Among that only 10,000 tonnes get collected and the rest get dissipated in soil, spoiling its fertility or get carried away in water bodies. About 90% of plastics are carried by 10 rivers across the world, and two of the contributing rivers are Sindh and Ganga in India. According to plastic factories in India, almost 1.65 lakh tonnes of plastic are used every year and approximately. 43% of them are one-time use plastic waste which takes hundreds of years to decompose.
According to Ellen MacArthur Foundation, by the year 2050, the weight of plastic accumulated in the ocean will be double to that of the combined flora and fauna of the marine ecosystem. The biggest problem is that we don’t have any estimate record of plastic waste cumulation. India along with every other nation needs to work for it at both national and state levels.
State governments have to recheck the rules and regulations of usage and recycling of plastics and by collaborating with the central government make tough and worthy rules against the use of one-time plastic. We have to be aware of the poisonous and harmful effects of plastic and tell everyone to stop or at least control the use of plastic and spread awareness about its nocuous effects on animals and the environment. India has to see and learn from other countries how to control on plastic pollution.
WE HAVE TO TAKE SOME STEPS TOWARD THIS TO MAKE OUR INDIA FREE FROM PLASTIC, CLEAN, GREEN??, AND BEAUTIFUL.