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Top 5 Environmental Issues The Indian Govt Needs To Address

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Homestead trouble, restoring GDP growth, boosting production, employment generation, managing Pakistan—these are a couple of critical issues that the recently chosen government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi must address quickly, as they start their second five-year spell.

Notwithstanding, there is a solid contention to be made that the issues requiring critical consideration are, for the most part, natural. Through the decision season, features were commanded by fighting ideological group pioneers, bringing about natural issues assuming a lower priority. With the surveys behind us and the centre coming back to environmental change on account of rising mercury levels, it is currently the lucky minute to examine the five ecological issues that must be at the highest point of this present government’s agenda:

1. Air Quality

A portion of the world’s most polluted urban communities are in India; the natives of Delhi are as of now experiencing the insufferable effect of poor air quality. While the administration’s electric versatility push is excellent, the stress should be on charging stations, reasonable batteries and motivating forces to move from petroleum/diesel to electric vehicles.

For enterprises, the CEMS (Continuous Emission Monitoring System) framework must be executed. The proposed star rating framework for enterprises to recognize the better performing organizations from the “can improve” ones must be executed.

2. Water Conservation

All enterprises must be made ZLD (Zero Liquid Discharge) units. While the law as of now requires it, usage is the key. We have to prevent the untreated effluents from entering our water bodies, at exactly that point would we have the option to clean them.

A NITI Aayog report expresses that 21 Indian urban communities, including Delhi, Bengaluru and Hyderabad are probably going to run out of groundwater by 2020. We have to guarantee through law and approach intercession that water gathering, and consequently groundwater revival, is made compulsory.

PM Modi had set a due date in March 2019 to finish 200 tasks under the clean Ganga activity, yet the due date has now been pushed to 2020. Hopefully, the new due date will be regarded, and progressively, Indian waterways will be cleaned.

3. Hazard Management

As the second most populated country, it is nothing unexpected that we create large measures of waste—electronic, plastic, biomedical etc. Be that as it may, what is astounding is the way we are attempting to deal with this waste. Directly from Swachh Bharat to Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016, E-Waste (Management) Rules 2016 and Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016— the legislature has found ways to address the issue, yet likewise with a few different activities, usage is inadequate. Forbidding the usage of single-use plastic was a positive development. However, we can see a few such bundling items making a rebound.

We still depend on the disorderly area, all things considered, for our waste administration. This needs to change, and the vital foundation should be made for proficient and successful waste administration. Reusing plastic and other waste in the development of streets and so forth should be boosted.

4. Wildlife And Biodiversity

Timberlands are fundamental for our survival. We have to ensure and improve our green spread forcefully. Any progressions to existing defensive laws and guidelines, for example, the Indian Forest Act 1927, Environment Impact Assessment Notification 2006 alongside another National Forest Policy must not weaken the adequacy of these defensive laws.

The administration must take a hard position against the disintegration of biodiversity and intently direct all action to guarantee that backwoods and untamed life aren’t jeopardized. The assets implied for compensatory afforestation must be used productively. The interests of the indigenous individuals and customary woods occupants must be secured.

5. Environmental Change

PM Modi was recently granted the UN’s Champions of the Earth Award alongside the French President for advocating the International Solar Alliance just as for promising to take out all single-use plastic in India by 2022. Unmistakably, India’s authority is moving in the right direction. Aside from the issues referenced over, a portion of different problems which were a piece of India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change needs critical consideration, and this incorporates reasonable farming, securing the Himalayan environment and improving vitality proficiency.

All around the administration has concocted the very imaginative activity called the India Cooling Action Plan, which features our dedication as a country to environmental change adjustment and moderation. This arrangement is planned for lessening discharges and vitality utilization alongside making it practical and eco-accommodating. Advancements, business and talented labor in these zones must be empowered through impetuses.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform Change.org, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on Change.org has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in Change.org’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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