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Does India’s Future Lie In Ecological Accounting?

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Common capital is unarguably omnipresent in human procedures. Not like physical capital, which delivered methods for generating, characteristic capital is normally blessed stock that can’t be substituted effectively. The related system administrations, which are generally known as the gross domestic product (total national output) is a natural advantage given to the human network free of expense, yet not highlighted in the customary arrangement of national records.

The progressions of system administrations should be represented in the national records and pointers should be presented too. Such enhancements can be accomplished by means of natural resource accounting or green accounting which will help the arrangement designing procedure of a nation in different ways. Common capital evaluations are progressively picking up significance to land at a comprehensive marker, in front of the customary GDP or gross national item (GNP) framework.

A run of the mill advertised economy depends on the conventional model including the change of fiscally costless common money to create market estimated merchandise and ventures. This procedure creates ecological externalities because of related human undertakings. The primary imperfection in this framework is the absence of market-based worth of regular assets. Data asymmetry fuelled by antedated approaches in bookkeeping frameworks and non-contribution of different partners are the primary purposes behind the disappointment of ecological markets. Ecological bookkeeping is the method by which such valuation is conceivable, to get rid of the current data void.

A Desolate Situation

Through global exchange we are basically moving regular capital from our nation to different nations without keeping a tab on it. Numerous specialists accept that neglecting the common capital as opposed to applying an increased weight on natural merchandise and enterprises can be adverse in the long haul. The subjective idea of estimation, unseemly strategies and an absence of objectivity has thrown a sad remnant of questions on the present condition sway evaluation framework in India. Indeed, even at the present situation the Indian development rate will be fundamentally lower if human prosperity and ecological externalities are represented.

The sub-objective 15.9 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2015 explicitly features the joining of biological system administrations and biodiversity into nearby and national records by 2030, which would thus help neediness decrease. A report by Technology and Action for Rural Advancement submitted to the service of condition, woodlands and environmental change in 2015, specifies that just $8 billion out of the evaluated $489 billion is accessible for the execution of Sustainable Development Goals 14 (life beneath water) and 15 (life ashore) in total. The appalling inquiry here is, how far can a little piece of the accessible 1.64% of the assessed assets propel the plan of green bookkeeping in India?

Green Accounting Achievements In India

The National Biodiversity Action Plan 2008 sees that arrangement usage in India has been terribly lacking due to ‘non perceivability’ of ecological disintegration. The Action Plan remarkably focuses on, the ‘valuation of products and ventures given by biodiversity, and utilization of financial instruments in basic leadership process.’ The Green Indian States Trust has been one of the central organizations propelling the motivation of earth balanced records. The Economics of Ecosystem and Biodiversity (TEEB) and the India Project also had tried to distribute various investigations, but are yet to have a significant effect.

A year ago, the service of condition, woods and environmental change had propelled their urgent Green Skill Development Program to battle joblessness and natural corruption by making ‘green occupations’ for adolescents. The legislature is likewise beginning a five-year venture to gauge the green GDP of Indian states to make atmosphere relief and land securing choices simpler regarding remuneration arrangements.

Green accounting is hindered by an assortment of methodological hindrances, drowsy political will and an absence of information. Notwithstanding, this progression is critical in the manageable advancement arrangement system of a nation. It is vital to return to the capital appraisal motivation, as a piece of the corporate social responsibility and R&D elements of enormous organizations to guarantee better personal satisfaction entwined with the earth.

It is also important to note that the exhaustion of normal capital is an irreversible procedure and steps to evaluate and battle this is critically required. The utilization of common asset bookkeeping will help a large group of open arrangements with respect to straight framework improvement, legal procedures in natural cases, and remuneration components for atmosphere removals.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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