For the past several months, the newly-elected United Kingdom’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson was struggling between the parliament of the UK and European Union (EU) to propose a final Brexit deal. But on October 17, 2019, the European Commission put up a notice saying that they have reached both the “Withdrawal Agreement” and the “Political Agreement” of the UK in accordance with the European Council (EC) guidelines. Therefore saying, that the deal was accepted with a due condition that it takes the confidence of its own people of the UK parliament.
Before going into what this deal is about, let us first understand the exact reasons for proposing this deal to the EC. The UK proposed some of the issues that it is facing through the EU.
The reasons for the Brexit deal are as follows:
Finally, on October 17, 2019, the negotiators reached an agreement on a revised text of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland and on the necessary technical adaptations to Articles 184 and 185 of the Withdrawal Agreement (document TF50(2019)64), as well as an on a revised text of the Political Declaration (document TF50(2019)65). The two newly agreed texts respect the European Council Guidelines and the Council negotiating directives.
The House of Commons, which is also known as the lower house of the parliament of the United Kingdom, has a strength of 650 for the Member of Parliament (MP). The total strength of the parliament according to the party-wise can be observed from the table below:
Table: The House of Common’s MPs Strength Party-wise
A total of 639 MPs out of 650 are open for voting. The speaker and other three deputy speakers have no role in voting in the parliament as a convention. The other seven MPs are abstentionists. Therefore, only 639 MPs are ready to cast their vote in this final Brexit deal today.
Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party has a strength of 288 MPs in the parliament, along with 10 MPs’ support from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)—who supported Boris to form a government recently. But at present, they are not ready to support the deal, as the deal didn’t fulfill some of their proposals.
According to a BBC research, the Boris government would certainly win the final Brexit deal in the parliament today. It shows that the Brexit deal would get a vote of 302 MPs to support and 301 MPs as against the deal. About 36 MPs are undecided about which side they are going to vote for during the deal. The remaining 11 MPs are not at all voting due to their absence and the roles of speaker and deputy speaker of parliament.
For the past month, there have been uncertainties among members of the parties across all in dealing with the Brexit issue. Therefore, curiosity exists across the world on whether the deal will reach its conclusions or not before its deadline of October 31, 2019. If the deal fails again in the UK parliament today, then we will have to wait for the EC’s response on Brexit deal.