To Kumaon, With Love

What started as a customary visit to the Kumaon hills, covering Haldwani, Nainital, Almora, Kausani, and Ranikhet became more like visiting home every summer.

Right from savoring pastries at Standard Confectioners (when it was the only bakery shop in Haldwani) to shopping for jumboo, bhatt, gahet, pahadi muli, pahadi nimboo, bhanga, gaderi, pahadi kheera in Haldwani, which are essential Kumaoni kitchen ingredients that add extra taste and spice to our lives since forever. From eating buckets full of varieties of mangoes at Bua’s (aunt) house at Ramlila Maholla to gazing at the vast expanse of green fields in Mukhani, most of which has now succumbed to rapid urbanisation in and around the area.

From enjoying the Aloo ke Gutke and Kheere ka raita with extra raai, which is quintessential Kumaoni breakfast/snack at Khairna, to stopping and paying our heartfelt homage to Neem Karoli Baba at the Kainchi Dham enroute Almora. From gasping in awe at the multitude of bells and letters that lay hanging at the Golu Devta temple at Ghora khaal, to loitering around in the quaint roads of Kausani offering the most beautiful sunsets and sunrise. From countless boat rides at Naini Jheel, to enjoying flavoured milk while walking down the Mall road in Nainital. From enjoying the rustic smell of the morning and evening tea at Lala Bazar in Almora to buying kilos of Baal Mithai and Singhauri from Khim Singh Mohan Singh Rautela which could last us until our next visit.

We have weaved a lot of colours into our tradition, every festival which is native to Kumaon is celebrated with much furor. The authentic ornaments like teep, Pauchi, gulband, nath and champakali along with the beautiful Rangwali-Pichauda have been adding colours and relevance to our deep yet beautiful culture, and Lala Bazaar in Almora has housed all of these in its shops from times immemorial. The skill of making Aipan during Deepawali, the excitement of preparing Khajure during Kaale Kauwa, celebrating the sanctity and warmth of one’s house through Deli Pujan/Phool Dei, fasting for the goodwill of family and children through Dor-Dubjaur and for the spouses during Batt Savitri, the colorful vibe of Holi ki baithaks, sowing seeds during Harela while praying for a good future harvest, celebrating the young girls in the house through Bhitauli: it is quite impressive how bountiful Kumaon’s culture is.

The narrow stream of clear water in the Kosi, housing a beautiful and tiny hamlet on its banks renders the natural music for the soul. About a couple of kilometers away from here lies Katarmal’s Sun Temple, another gem in the hills of Kumaon, which also finds its place along with Jageshwar in the Heritage Circuit Project ‘Swades’ for developing tourism infrastructure in Jageshwar-Devidhura-Katarmal-Baijnath sites.

While October reminds me of the famous Dussehra festival celebrated in Almora, summers remind me of Nainital and mulberry. The wavering sound of Maharaj, as he sings Kumaoni songs while preparing the first batch of tea, he was synonymous with happiness and humility. Every morning, we walked down the Thandi Sadak paying a visit to Paashaan Devi and Naina Devi. On our way back we gulped a couple of mulberries which tasted sweet back then, while its precious memory feels the sweetest now.

Kumaon is vivid. Whether it’s the colours of nature or the colours of everyday life, every hue has a tinge of passion in it. It was in 2015 that I visited Kumaon for the last time and since then a whirlwind of events has taken place around the region, from carrying out relentless efforts to ban single-use plastic to a village becoming Open Defecation Free (ODF). The news of a small village tucked away in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district, Kusauli becoming ODF spread like wildfire. The village, which not only got itself free from open defecation practices in June 2017, also made efforts to cover drains and use vermi-compositing to make manure out of the organic waste that was generated from households.

Going by the IMD data released for the percentage of rainfall witnessed in the region, we have experienced an 18% deficit compared to the last couple of years, it is quite saddening to note that though the rainfall has decreased but the rampant and unchecked development taking place has provided momentum to the incidence of natural calamity which the region experiences today thus taking a heavy toll on all our lives.

Walk through the hamlets practicing traditional agriculture; descend through forests of oak, cedar and rhododendron to ancient stone temples, or relax in the mountain sunshine and cool breeze, surrounded by birdsong and the fragrant smell of pine. It is a serendipitous experience; one can never really get enough of this place.

Ruskin Bond very aptly said, “It is always the same with mountains. Once you have lived with them for any length of time, you belong to them. There is no escape.” While I have a gazillion memories of the ‘pahad’ (mountain), I would want that whenever life gives me a chance to come back–I am able to enjoy the same moments, just like living them all over again. I have had the absolute honour of spending the best times in my home away from home, witnessing culture from the very roots where all of it originated. The infectious tranquility that I receive every time I think of the mountains, makes me yearn for them even more, and all I can do is gasp in anticipation– “To the mountains, I shall return.”

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

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The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

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Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

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With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

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A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

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Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

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A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
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