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Unemployment In India And Crisis In Engineering

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In India, rising unemployment has paved the way for insecurity and apprehension for anyone who dreams of working independently or financially support their family or hopes to secure a better job. In many instances, this overwhelming aspiration related to career progression has been enthused by educational institutions. Many job-seekers lack competitive skills which are of importance for the multinational companies, and therefore, the employability gap in this area remains high. If we look at India, the economic slowdown is deteriorating the functionality of the hundreds of industrialized global leaders, domestic shop managers, factory owners, and the traders are reducing the number of their employees to null or minimum. With regard to running the production units, fewer staff members are being recruited.

JEE aspirants. Image via Getty

What are the implications of unemployment in our country that people are currently witnessing? What if the state and central government fail to address one of the most significant debates of all time? There are several factors to be considered to raise the voice by spotting the unprecedented pits of falling employment, such as the prevailing caste system bias, rise in population, dependency on family business, assumption of agricultural cultivation to be the only the surviving source of income, and the shortage of industries. There are also other measures to take into an account like the mishandling of management duties and the exemplary authoritarian influence over the unprivileged class group.

Lakhs of Indians dwelling in various parts of India, apply for numerous roles in the central government department, believing this is the right pathway to avail every possible benefit promised by the ruling government’s welfare schemes. From studying hard to clear one after another exam with the dream of entering big sectors, to the very last day of the exhaustive selection process, candidates who wait desperately for months expecting confirmation calls are left uneasy. Disappointed by the authorities, they hold the proof of their results papers and hall tickets as proof to be displayed on the TV, sparking deliberative talks in administrative offices to attract the attention of national democratic parties.

Until the demands are fulfilled and the major issues are addressed diplomatically, they continue to march outside the administrative blocks protesting against the irresponsible government regime. Further, the coverage of public outrage by the media, to some extent, imposes the governing bodies to trace faults in the system and initiate serious action against the wrongdoers to avoid such misuse of power. But this has never brought any relaxation or comfort to the lives of hardworking students.

The administrative department’s groundwork is weakening day-by-day due to their negligence and lack of credibility in maintaining the transparency between applicant details appropriately. Recently, thousands of aspirants from various cities appeared for one particular subject more than twice because of the slightest error occurrence found in their application forms like family surname misspelt, unfinished documents attachment, and the age factor perceived to be the reason for the overall delay. However, it is not just the failure of the whole administration in obtaining the correct information. Perhaps they are least bothered about the amount of dedication and hard work the examinee puts in. Some corrupted people leaking question papers on social media before the exam also cause havoc in exam centres and inconvenience the students who are forced to appear again.

The profession of engineers, doctors, and lawyers are believed to be a field of excellence, which opens the door of opportunities in India and abroad. Therefore, the elders and parents suggest their children opt for engineering, medical science, and law studies. For these stated reasons, the appointed council implements a beneficial program to influence the learners’ capability to step forward and showcase their talent in front of the competitive world. Over the years of rapid urbanization, our government has played an incredible role in transforming the lives of the common men by changing the lifestyle of today’s generation. But the uniformity in its principal rules is not implemented in the desired hierarchy where it stood earlier.

The shutting down of about 410 substandard engineering colleges in five years (2014–2019), has resulted in sweeping off the seats from the feet of institutions. The latest employability survey revealed a disturbing fact that nearly 80% of Indian engineers are incapable of professionally handling and managing engineering tools. The above figures have triggered questions, directly pointing fingers at the integrity of AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education), holding it accountable for not carrying out the determined code of practice effectively. It should focus on amending the rules centrally to revive the entire educational policy and make necessary plans to change the reckless modules of engineering.

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  1. Sanujit Roy

    80% of the candidates passing out today are without skills and lack basic english communication knowledge

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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