On The Dire Need For An Inclusive Menstrual Leave Policy

Period Paath logoEditor’s Note: This article is a part of #Periodपाठ, a campaign by Youth Ki Awaaz in collaboration with WSSCC, to highlight the need for better menstrual hygiene management among menstruating persons in India. Join the conversation to take action and demand change! The views expressed in this article are the author’s and are not necessarily the views of the partners.

India as a country has seen quite a few progressive, and sometimes regressive changes in the recent past, and hopefully, the list of progressive reforms would increase in the coming days. However, there are certain issues that have always been a taboo in our country. One such issue is menstruation, more commonly known as periods. It is very difficult to have an open discussion about it as people seem to get extremely uncomfortable and prefer to discuss it behind closed doors.

The debate on the ‘Menstruation Benefit Bill’ tabled by Ninong Ering, a Member of Parliament in Lok Sabha representing Arunachal Pradesh in 2018, triggered widespread discussion on the need to have menstrual leave policy for working women every month. The Menstruation Benefits Bill seeks to provide women, working in both public and private sectors, two days of paid menstrual leave every month, as well as better facilities for the rest of the cycle at the workplace. The benefits would also be extended to female students of Class VIII and above in government-affiliated schools. However, the bill, if passed, would not be path-breaking in any way as a girls’ school in Kerala had granted its students menstrual leave since 1912, and Bihar has had a two-day leave for women since 1992 called, ‘Special Casual Leave’.

The bill needs to cater to girls and women across sector/industry/profession/job roles and not just for women engaged in white-collar work. This bill should equally cater to the blue, white, pink, golden and all the other representations of collared jobs. While discussing or debating about the bill, it is important to not be biased and focus on only one section of women, as women, irrespective of the kind of work they do, menstruate. While the white and golden collar jobs have facilities and luxury that may not be matched up by the blue-collar jobs, the basic coverage of blue-collar workers under this bill (if and when passed) would be a step in the right direction.

In 2016, John Guillebaud, professor of reproductive health at University College London, explained that period pain can be “as bad as having a heart attack”. A 2012 study, titled Dysmenorrhea” by Pallavi Latthe, Rita Champaneria and Khalid Khan, states: “Dysmenorrhea (painful periods) is extremely common, and it may be severe enough to interfere with daily activities in up to 20% of women. One could also talk about the typical stereotypes that are associated with women and ask if the contention regarding menstruation would be the same if men had it too.” A post by Siobhan Fenton in the ‘Independent’ said, “Men wait an average of 49 minutes before being treated for abdominal pain. For women, the wait is 65 minutes for the same symptoms. It’s thought that this is because women are seen as exaggerating pain and being ‘dramatic’ due to sexist stereotypes”.

Countries like Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, and Taiwan have been providing female employees with paid menstrual leave dating back to World War II. However, the humiliation and shame that a woman had to undergo just to prove that she was actually on her periods led many women to avoid availing the leave altogether. Different bodies respond differently to the pain and discomfort experienced during menstruation. Given the difficulties and biological complexities that women go through, I think it is extremely important that such a bill be passed and women are given every right to avail of this leave when required.

While speaking of the bill, it is important to keep in mind certain medical conditions that are associated with menstruation such as menorrhagia, endometriosis, fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, and the subsequent considerations of the above-mentioned problems, while formulating the bill in its entirety. It is obvious that such a heated topic of discussion would invite opinions from all corners, and people do have varying opinions on the same. A section of women are not in favour of this bill because they believe that such a law would further the bias against them at the workplace, and they would need to deal with unfair treatments in the form of hiring bias, lesser pay, slower promotions and lesser participation in board meetings, than already prevalent. Can we blame them? No.

This is exactly what needs to be changed. Women should not be punished for their biological framework. If women need to tolerate their pain in silence just to ‘fit’ in and not be outcast then we surely are paddling the patriarchal cycle ahead. It is important to remind ourselves that when we talk about equality at workplace it means equality in the working conditions for men and women and not just those that can be accepted or rejected based on convenience. This is not a choice that women make every month, so if someone finds it difficult to be at work due to conditions not under their control, then they should simply be allowed to avail the leave. The first few Indian companies to have implemented this practice were Culture Machine, followed by Gozoop, and then few others followed suit such as W&D, a feminine intimate health-focused company and IndustryARC, a Hyderabad-based market research firm. A few other progressive companies are in talks to implement the same.

It is essential that for such a law to be in strict practice, the dialogue and conversation around it need to be there, along with well-formulated working policies, as well as labour laws. There is enough bias against women at the workplace and otherwise. So, for this bill to be successfully passed, it is very important that a sensitive, well chalked out and carefully planned policy be incorporated.

In a country where the word ‘menstruation’ is met with raised eyebrows and disgust, proposing a ‘Menstrual Leave’ policy will be difficult, but nevertheless, it is a much-needed change in the right direction.

First published on: shethepeople.tv

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform Change.org, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on Change.org has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in Change.org’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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