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Does Being A Married Woman Mean I Give Up On My Human Rights?

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It was just my fifth day at my parents-in-law’s residence, when my mother-in-law came and sat with me for a conversation. It must have been the first time. She was sympathetic towards me and acknowledged that I must be missing my home and parents. That made me comfortable and made me want to listen to her.

But, she ended her conversation with me reminding that I’m no more a daughter to my parents. I must focus on the well-being of her family and son. I must learn to move on and start prioritising them. That my spouse’s siblings are more important than my siblings.

While I was taken aback by this advice, didn’t realise the depth of the issue then. I was overconfident about handling these issues. Slowly and steadily, I was trapped in these patriarchal values. Whenever I want to visit my parents, I have to negotiate with them about when I can visit them and for how long I can stay with them.

If I wanted to stay longer at my parents’ place and didn’t have the courage to talk to my mother-in-law; I would ask my spouse to help me. He conveniently chose not to be part of this process and left me to fight my own battle – just to meet my parents!

A Hindu wedding ritual.

Most of the time, I would just follow their instructions without any further discussion. I felt miserable. I remember how my maternal grandfather used to do the exact same thing when he wanted his daughter to visit. He would come to our place to take permission from my paternal grandfather. A date would be decided and how many days my mother could stay at her home would also be decided.

Then again, on the decided date, he would come to take my mother and drop her. It was the rule not just for my mother, but for everyone including my grandmother. Only after my great grandmother’s permission could my grandmother visit her home and see her brother. But, I had never thought that I would also follow the same rules one day, to meet my parents after my marriage.

I feel disgusted and ridiculed when these negotiations happen. I feel suffocated. I felt less. I felt humiliated. I felt  my parents dignity gets compromised by asking permission to take their daughter to her own home.

I strongly believe that this is a violation of my human rights. And this is the root cause of gender discrimination.

Gender discrimination starts even before a child is born. Parents and family members expecting a son, live an anxious life for nine months. Parents invest more in their sons than daughters. Let’s not dismiss the argument by saying, “Not all parents do it.” Our sex ratio is consistently declining.

One invests where a good return is expected. A daughter is considered ‘paraya dhan’ (literally translates to ‘estranged wealth,’ but culturally refers to daughters never really being part of their family of birth, but rather possessions to be bought over). Not only metaphorically, but we literally behave as if women in our society are objects and commodities.

Parents don’t prefer to drink water at their married daughter’s place, forget about supporting them. Daughters aren’t even considered to be able to take care of parents at their old age, though our law clearly puts the responsibility on both son and daughter. Instead, society shames the daughter and parents who break this.

The same has happened to me. When my mother passed away, and I started taking care of my father, it became an issue. For every small thing, my in-laws accused my father for no reason. They blamed him for destroying my married life.

The truth was he was struggling with depression and needed emotional support. If I can’t take a stand for my father during his bad days and if society expects me to be a loving daughter-in-law in place of that, it’s highly laughable. If I can’t be a daughter, how will I be a daughter-in-law?

I had once started a campaign called #DaughterForever to start a public dialogue on this issue. I am still struggling to convince people that it’s an issue and a big one at that. It’s one of the most important factors that creates gender discrimination and is a reason for women’s suffering. As daughters aren’t allowed to take care of their birth parents, they become liability for them.

Through my campaign, I am asking insurance companies to create appreciative commercials that show daughters can be also primary caretakers of their parents, just like their brothers. You can read more about it here.

One of my tweet threads citing reasons, statistics, and pros and cons of the issue can be read below:

I strongly appeal to everyone to speak to their mothers, sisters and friends to find out their struggles and suffocation they go through just to meet their parents, in the initial years of their marriage . Don’t you think it’s a violation of my human rights as a daughter?

I hope someone will hear me out and acknowledge that this is a problem. A very big problem that causes gender discrimination at every level.

Featured image for representative purpose only.
Featured image source: REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri.
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Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

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With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

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A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

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A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
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