How To Get Your Unique Disability ID Made: A Comprehensive Guide

Unique Disability ID for Persons with Disabilities is a project being implemented by the Government of India for creating a National Database for Persons with Disability (PwDs), and to issue a Unique Disability Identity (UDID) card to each and every person with any disability. According to the National Portal of India,

“The project will not only encourage transparency, efficiency and ease of delivering the government benefits to every person with disability across India, but also ensure uniformity. The project will help in streamlining and maintaining the tracking of physical and financial progress of beneficiary at all levels of hierarchy of implementation from Village level to Block level to District level to State level to National level.”

Details of The Unique Disability Identity (UDID) Initiative

The UDID project, initiated by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,  aims to build a holistic and digitalised end-to-end integrated system for issuance of Unique Disability ID & Disability Certificates for Persons with Disabilities with their identification and disability details. This includes:

• Online availability of data of Person with Disabilities across the country through a centralised web application resource

• Online filing and submission of registration application form for disability certificate/Unique ID card; Offline applications may also be accepted and subsequently digitised by agencies

• Quick Assessment process for calculating the percentage of disability by hospitals/Medical Board

• Non-duplication of data of PwDs

• Online renewal and update of information by Persons with Disabilities on their behalf

• MIS reporting framework

• Effective management including interoperability of the benefits/schemes launched by the Government for Persons with Disability (PwD)

• To take care of additional disabilities in future

Objective Of UDID

The Objective of the UDID project is to enable PwDs across India to obtain the new UDID card/Disability Certificate in order to avail schemes and benefits provided by the Government through its various Ministries and their Departments. This card will be valid pan-India. The UDID portal has been designed to provide an online platform for the following:

• New application for UDID

• Renewal of existing Certificate/Card on expiration of validity

• In the event of loss of card/certificate as per the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act, 2016- A person with disability can be defined as one with one or more of disabilities falling under any of the below mentioned categories:

Image source: Getty Images
  • Blindness- “Blindness” refers to a condition where a person suffers from any of the following conditions namely:-
  1. Total absence of sight; or
  2. Visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (Snellen) in the better eye with correcting lenses; or
  3. Limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of 20 degree or worse;
  • Cerebral Palsy– “Cerebral Palsy” means a group of non-progressive conditions of a person characterized by abnormal motor control posture resulting from brain insult or injuriesoccurring in the pre-natal, peri-natal or infant period of development;
  • Low vision- ” Low vision” means a person with impairment of visual functioning even after treatment of standard refractive correction but who uses or is potentially capable of using vision for the planning or execution of a task with appropriate assistant device;
  • Locomotor disability- “Locomotor disability” means disability of the bones, joints or muscles leading to substantial restriction of the movement of the limbs or nay form of  cerebral palsy;
  • Leprosy-cured– “Leprosy-cured person” means person who has been cured of leprosy but is suffering from:
  1. Loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation and paresis in the eye and eye-lid but with no manifest deformity;
  2. Manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility in their hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity;
  3. Extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age which prevents him from undertaking any gainful occupation and the expression “Leprosy Cured” shall be  construed accordingly;
  • Mental retardation– “Mental retardation” means a conditions of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterised by sub normality of intelligence;
  • Mental illness– “Mental illness” means any mental disorder other than Mental retardation
  • Hearing Impairment– “Hearing Impairment” means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies

Benefits Of The Unique Disability ID Card

1. Application for UDID card can be submitted online. So, it will make life easier for PWDs.

2. The UDID Card holder will no longer need to carry lengthy documents as proof of her disability. UDID Card will be acceptable thoughout India to prove one’s disability condition.

3. At present time the disability certificates of one state are not recognized in the other state of India. The universal cards would help the differently-abled to get over these problems that they face at railway counters or even to avail any benefit at educational institutions. The
card would have a unique number which if fed on the website would help an authority access all details.

4. The card is of standard credit card size. It will easily fit in one’s wallet.

5. UDID Card will have all the relevant details related with the person and her disability. This information can be easily read with a card reader device.

6. Real time data about the disabled persons will be available to the government to act upon.

7. Disability related data will not get duplicated as the computer system can ensure uniqueness of all the data related with disabled individuals.

8. System can be easily upgraded if more disability conditions get recognised by the government.

9. It would be easy to identify the extent of person’s disability. A person with less than 40% disability would have a card with a white stripe, 40 to 80% would have a card with yellow stripe and above 80% card with a blue stripe.

10. The UDID Card will help government to track a number of aspects. For example:

  • Whether benefits of welfare schemes are reaching to the disabled persons.
  • How the beneficiaries are getting benefited.
  • If schemes are contributing to the progress of UDID card holders etc.

How to Register Online

• Person with Disability will register with UDID Web Portal www.swavlanbancard.gov.in.

• Using your credentials, PwD logs in to system and click “Apply online for Disability Certificate. Reads instructions and fills up online application.

• Upload color passport photo and other requisite documents like Income Proof, Identity Proof and SC/ST/OBC proof as required.

• Submits data to CMO Office/Medical Authority.

• CMO Office/Medical Authority verifies data.

• CMO Office/Medical Authority assigns the concerned specialist(s) for assessment.

• Specialist Doctor assesses disability of PwD and gives opinion on disability.

• Medical Board reviews the case and assign disability percentage. CMO Office prepares Disability Certificate and generates UDID and Disability Certificate.

• UDID datasheet goes for UDID Card printing and Card dispatched to PwD.

Can the UDID Card be used for bus pass?

We think that disabled people will have to get the bus passes made as usual. But while applying for the bus pass, UDID Card could be used as proof of disability.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

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Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

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She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

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A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform Change.org, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on Change.org has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in Change.org’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
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