Explained: Should The Coronavirus Be Declared A Global Pandemic?

This post is a part of YKA’s dedicated coverage of the novel coronavirus outbreak and aims to present factual, reliable information. Read more.

With every passing hour, new cases of Coronavirus are coming out. While Europe, America, and Asia are struggling with this virus, the World Health Organisation said that it can be stopped by adopting the right measures.

COVID-19 cases are increasing rapidly worldwide. On Wednesday, 500 new cases were reported in South Korea and the death toll in Italy increased to 79 overnight.

In Japan, infection cases have reached 1,000 and the spread of the virus has raised questions over Japan’s ability to host the Olympics. But the Japanese government has not yet announced the postponement of the Olympics and the preparations continue.

Scientists still cannot tell how deadly Coronavirus is. The new virus is reaching different countries of the world but at the same time, its mystery is also getting deeper.

The World Health Organisation had warned that we could see Coronavirus spreading as a universal pandemic. But there is an atmosphere of uncertainty as to whether it is really such a huge global emergency. The UN body has already increased the level of threat to the world due to Coronavirus to “very high” a week ago and believes that the global infection of COVID-19 is almost certain. But why has the agency not officially confirmed the coronavirus to be a universal pandemic till now?

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, head of the World Health Organisation, said, “We have never before seen a respiratory disease that is capable of spreading at the community level. But it can be controlled with the right measures.” 90,000 cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed in more than 60 countries.

Around 3,100 people have died due to this virus so far. The highest number of deaths have been reported in China. With 600 new cases reported in South Korea outside China, the figure has reached close to 4,800. On the other hand, there have been 6 deaths in the US, which is still safe from this virus. All these deaths have occurred in Washington.

According to the Geneva-based organisation, any disease is tested at six levels to declared it in the “pandemic phase.” The level declared by the agency at the moment is its highest danger level. According to the Public Health Emergency of International Concern’s (PHEIC) agency’s new definition, it is being considered.

It is still proving difficult for most people to get the correct information related to the COVID-19 virus of Corona. The situation of panic and chaos is being created and due to the lack of easy data. First of all, it has to be accepted that COVID-19 is spreading very fast.

At the same time, 2,100 cases have been confirmed in the European Union. Italy is the most affected country in Europe. In Italy, health authorities have registered more than 2,000 cases of COVID-19, while the death toll has risen to 52.

In Germany too, fresh cases have increased twice in the last twenty-four hours. The eastern states of Germany, Thuringia, and Brandenburg have registered their first cases. With this, the number of people suffering from the virus has increased to 157 in Germany.

The disease that spread to many countries of the world was first found in China and from here it started spreading its foot in the whole world. The outbreak of the disease has also been seen by the travel of people. There have been reports of the virus spreading too many new cities including New York, Moscow, New Delhi, and Berlin. With this, for the first time, the infection has been confirmed in Saudi Arabia, Latvia, Indonesia, Morocco, Tunisia, Senegal, Jordan, and Portugal.

Air travel has been severely affected with the spread of Coronavirus.

In India, the government has become cautious after the Coronavirus infection has been confirmed in three citizens. The government has asked people not to panic and take precautions. The World Bank has announced $12 billion in aid for developing countries to strengthen their health systems.

On Tuesday, March 3, the third case of Coronavirus infection was confirmed in India. The infected person is an Italian tourist who is currently in Jaipur. The case of infection first came to light in Delhi. The second infected person is from Bangalore, who is now under the supervision of doctors in Hyderabad. I

t is suspected that six more people who came in contact with a patient from Delhi may also be infected. They have been kept in a hospital in Delhi.

The central government has said that there is no need to panic and the government has constantly monitored the situation. Doctors say that this virus is spread through contact with droplets released during sneezing and coughing. some precautions need to be taken, such as keeping a proper distance from an infected person, washing hands several times a day and using a sanitizer.

The government has extended health check-ups at 77 ports including 21 airports for people coming from 12 countries including China, Iran, Italy, Singapore. Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said that more than 5 lakh and 50 thousand passengers have been checked at the airports so far, while more than 12 thousand passengers have been screened at the ports.

The Indian Health Minister said that Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim are also being investigated on the borders with Nepal. According to Harsh Vardhan, a health checkup of more than 10 lakh people has been done in these areas so far.

Meanwhile, all the crew members have been asked to stay in their house for 14 days due to the infected passengers of COVID-19 in Air India’s Vienna-Delhi flight.

On the other hand, 100 Indian fishermen are stranded in Iran. The Kerala government has written a letter to the central government seeking intervention. Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan has written a letter to Foreign Minister S Jaishankar seeking intervention on the issue of Indian fishermen and urging them to return.

At the same time, 85 Indian students have been kept under observation in the Lombardy region of Italy. Indian students have requested the government to save them. All these students study at the University of Pavia, Italy.

Now the thing that matters the most is that doctors, health care staff and health departments of all the states and common people should take the right steps and adopt a responsible attitude. In general words, for this, ordinary people can avoid going to crowded events.

Meanwhile, the World Health Organisation has raised concerns about the lack of masks, gloves and other protective equipment. The head of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, in a message has appealed to people all over the world to stop hoarding these devices as it is making doctors, nurses and other health workers are difficult to take care of patients properly.

Sign this petition to demand expanding of screening beyond government hospitals, to pre-empt the disease from becoming an epidemic.
As the coronavirus pandemic continues, it is our duty to keep ourselves informed, take care of our own health, and wash our hands! Some simple measures that we must follow include social distancing, covering our mouth when coughing and sneezing, washing one's hands regularly, and avoid crowded places, and self-quarantine! The helpline provided by the government is +91-11-23978046. Here are some resources that the WHO and the Health Ministry have created. Remember, prevention, and not panic, will see us through this!
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