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7 Reasons Why China Is Ahead Of India In Terms Of Economy And GDP

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China’s spectacular rise in recent decades is unparalleled. The People’s Republic of China was established 70 years ago in conditions of economic misery. As a result of its profound economic transformation, China has led India for the past 20 years. In 1987, the (nominal) GDP of both countries was almost the same. But in 2019, China’s GDP is 4.78 times greater than India.

China’s GDP is 2.38x from India. China crossed the $ 1 trillion mark in 1998, while India crossed in 2007. Making the economy work Mao Zedong, the revolutionary leader, was unable to put the country on economic progress. In 1978, when Mao died, China was fighting against the ever-expanding population and uncontrollable poverty. Still, after Mao Zedong’s death, China’s new leadership began to open up its economy by inviting foreign investment to facilitate exports and Import: China’s regime began to free agriculture from state control. He enforced the one-child policy to defuse the population bomb and then use the population dividend. 

Here are the following reasons, consistent with the experts, why China is ahead of India. 

 An Authoritarian Government

“Once committed to focusing on the economic process, some good policy decisions were implemented quickly and efficiently. From the moment Deng (Xiaoping) established the leadership 25 years ago, it has not been altered by politics of parties, ideology, or leadership changes”, says Kenneth J Dewoskin, Senior Consultant, PricewaterhouseCoopers (China). While corporate leaders in India agree that this could be true, they are emphatic that vibrant India’s democracy is the only way for the country to ensure that growth and development reach everyone. 

High Savings Rate

According to Dewoskin, who has been involved in China for the past 40 years, China has a high savings rate, which recycles and concentrates the wages paid to workers in four large state banks. This capital has systematically financed 85% of China’s investment in infrastructure. 

Investment In Models And Showcases

China’s leadership has always focused on investment in models and showcases. All of this has helped channel foreign direct investment into the country and has helped to create local economic development. For example, Shenzhen and Zhangjiagang became fantastic models that would help to sell not only the region, but also China as a whole to Investors – China created impressive gateways for visiting foreign investors – Beijing and Shanghai airports, the Pudong Development Zone, and Beijing Financial Street are just a few examples. 

china policy pf development

A Thoughtful, Uniform Marketing Effort

China has sold itself on one point: the dimensions of its market. “Every businessman of any size anywhere in the world knows what the 1.3 billion dollar means – the enormous market in China. Chinese leaders immediately discarded their Mao suits and put on coats and ties, spoke the language of business, organized thousands of delegations, organized endless conferences and exhibitions, and worked to convince foreign investors that China was business-friendly, stable and committed with the reform and an open door,” suggests Dewoskin.

Zoning and Infrastructure for Businesses

China has created many flexible investment zones, export processing zones, commercial zones, high-tech zones, tax incentives, and excellent infrastructure. India has tried to duplicate this with its creation of zones of Export Processing and Software Technology Parks. 

Business Attitude

Especially “China has had the great fortune to leave Hong Kong and Taiwan out of its political control for many years or centuries, but within the Chinese ethnic and investment family,” says Dewoskin. “China always leaves out political, social, and ideological differences to obtain investment, technology, and export channels”, he adds. However, in India, the commercial and economic process has not been paramount. The budgetary process in India has always yielded to the emotions of the local industry, as in cases where foreign investments are restricted or restricted. 

A Fanatical Diaspora

Much of the 60 million Chinese living outside the country are economic forces to be reckoned with. But they also reimburse their country a lot in terms of remittances and investments. China has recognized the importance of its diaspora and has worked to cultivate it. The Chinese government has a special cabinet ministry to affect the Chinese issue abroad. Incentives are offered to non-resident Chinese.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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