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These Five Exemplary Women Paved The Way For Women’s Movement Against Britishers

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Time and again, women have proved that no limitation is strong enough to confine them within the patriarchal threshold. They have always come forward to perform their responsibilities with utmost dedication; so how could they keep calm when it came upon their motherland? When our male patriots were shedding their blood for their country, women, too, were pushing themselves to fight for Mother India. When India was growling in anger against the Britishers, women also jumped into the fire.

Sarojini Naidu 

Naidu came forward to join the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement, and became one of the significant figures along with Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru. As a Cambridge return, she could easily opt for a work of her comfort zone, but she chose her motherland over herself. Women emancipation was one of her major goals to achieve. She educated the women of Bengal, made them capable of understanding the importance of freedom and inspired them to become active in their actions that would benefit the country.

Lila Roy

Lila Roy was the first woman who had a Masters in English from Dhaka University and was also a gold medalist in English from Bethune College, University of Calcutta. As a devoted disciple of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, she had walked in his steps to justify her devotion. Bose wanted Roy to inspire more and more women to join the battle against the oppressors, so she founded ‘Dipali Sangha’ to fulfil her purpose. Many women came forward to join her. She trained them to hold armours, and made them physically and mentally strong to face the difficulties waiting for them on the way to freedom.

Sarojini Naidu and Pritilata Waddeder
Sarojini Naidu and Pritilata Waddeder.

Pritilata Waddeder

One of the promising participants of ‘Dipali Sangha’ was Pritilata Waddeder. She had chosen her country over her own family. She was an active member of the Indian Republican Army, founded by Surya Sen. As a fellow warrior, she had joined Surya Sen in the vivacious Chittagong Armoury Raid with the pseudonym ‘Fulatar’. She had also led two major battles in Dhalghat and Jalalabad.

Unfortunately, she was captured by the British army while destroying the ‘European Club’. It was her immense bravery and compassion for her fellow companions that she took potassium cyanite to kill herself and let the secrets dissolve in the soil with her own body. Before dying, she wrote a letter to her mother, apologising for not being able to be an obedient daughter. She became the first female martyr at the age of 21. Her bravery is too great to be thanked.

Kalpana Dutta

Kalpana Dutta was a prominent figure of Surya Sen’s ‘Indian Republican Army’. Her bravery led her to head the mission of helping those who were sent behind bars after the Chittagong Armoury Raid by an explosion of the Cotton Gun. However, when the mission was not perfectly executed, she became a target of the Britishers. After Surya Sen was sentenced to death, Dutta also received lifetime imprisonment for showing bravery towards her country. In 1939, when she got released, she joined the Indian Communist Party and continued to pursue her dream of watching her country fight for its freedom.

Lakshmi Agarwal

Subhas Chandra Bose’s Azad Hind Fauj, which created a horrifying sense of fear in the Britisher’s mind, was one of the most active and effective organisations of the pre-emancipation period. The Fauj had a particular section for women that was captained by Lakshmi Agarwal, the epitome of bravery. She trained and led at least 1,500 women and made the Fauj proud for having her among them. Her contribution to her country is remarkable and praiseworthy. She proved that a moustache does not suffice to become a leader, if courage lacks the amount.

Women are born leaders and visionaries, they already have everything within themselves to achieve what they want to. The resilience and sacrifice of these women shall always be remembered until time immemorial.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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