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Opinion: NEP 2020 Is An Attempt To Centralize, Privatize And Commercialize Education

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Education is a key aspect for any potential human achievement towards a better world encompassing liberty, equality, welfare, and development. India has always stressed upon the need for equitable, quality and value-based education to achieve a respectable position on the global stage in terms of social justice, economic growth, scientific progression, human integration, international engagement and culture. The talent pool of each country needs strategic nourishing through an inclusive vision and resource utilization to create critically thinking, rational, responsible, better informed and ethical individuals who serve humanity over myopic considerations and self-interest.

Representational image. Photo by Yogendra Singh on Unsplash

Indian visionaries like first PM Pandit Nehru pioneered an inclusive agenda for India to enhance lifelong learning opportunities for every citizen in a bid to secure the future of the country during an era of rapid scientific and technological advancement, digitalisation, data revolution, artificial intelligence, specialized skill development and multi-disciplinary research.

Creative reforms must be undertaken within our system to overcome various challenges we encounter in the way towards addressing the aspirations in the sector of education. Fresh ideas, thoughts and methods must evolve to aggrandize the art of learning and building everyone’s capability to absorb the content to think critically and solve problems via innovation. Freedom of thought, emotional strength, scientific temper, reason, critical thinking, inclusiveness and orientation towards humanitarian principles should be the fundamental center of any reform.

We adopted the National Policy on Education in 1986 and later modified it in 1992 with a prime focus on the issues of access and equity. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was passed by the UPA government led by Dr Manmohan Singh in 2009 to establish legal underpinnings for achieving universal elementary education.

Today, it’s clear that a blatant attempt of the state is underway amidst a deadly pandemic to commercialize education by destroying the public institutions and universities through rigorous fund cuts, ideological coercion and attacks. The latest decision of the Modi government to impose a New Education Policy (NEP-2020) unilaterally—without respecting the valid observations of states, academia, teachers and the student community—is completely in the line of capitalist interest and centralisation.

Image for representation only. Via Getty

A deceitful perspective intended to centralize, privatize and commercialize the whole education system will have extensive impacts upon the future learning, individual personality and the great values upon which the nation is established. A few positive aspects of the new policy cover the dangerous agenda of the ruling right-wing to distort India’s true history and legacy.

In this age of global socio-political turmoil, we must stick with the constitutional principles, and inclusiveness is the fundamental aspect behind it. Unfortunately, the new policy has no content of such pivotal qualities. India has over 800 universities and 40, 000 colleges to reflect its sociocultural diversity and energy. A pluralistic and heterogeneous consideration is quintessential to exhibit the complete potential of such institutions, since we are not a nation of monolithic identity or structure.

Majoritarian goals to rewrite history and culture through ‘revivalism’ and distortion of perspectives could be achieved through the latest policy. A system proposed to make students job-ready through training, from the school level itself, will limit the vision of education by making mechanical human beings for a materialistic industrial world. This will act as an assault upon the fundamental aim of education and the vision provided by the stalwarts who gave life to independent India. The current policy has not addressed the importance of ensuring education to all, especially for the marginalised sections, through state support and affirmative action.

The NEP 2020 has overthrown the state regulatory bodies that managed the education and human resource sector over the past years, while encouraging inputs from the private sphere. Many initiatives proposed in the policy are not feasible as per the system followed by the states, since it requires a huge raising of funds for land, infrastructure and other amenities.

The spending on education has fallen from 4.14% in 2014-15 to 3.2% in 2020-21 under the NDA government. The Government of India must provide more clarity about the funding and operation of the proposed higher education institutions. Any unstructured plan of action may further privatise education to turn it into a commodity.

The most problematic content of the policy is the creation of a Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog with Prime Minister as its chairman to manage education sector of India. The sanctity of academia is paramount and any political intervention within the sphere could harm it. The education policy must become a tool to revive India as a country of reputed scholars, critical thinkers and philosophers.

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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