Sobhanath Beshra was born on 5th October 1939 at Niramishri, a small village, in the district of East Singhbhum of Jharkhand in a peasant family to Sundaram Beshra and Balhi Beshra. According to the social custom of the Santhal community, Sobhanath was named after his maternal grandfather. He has two brothers, Pitnath and Bikal and one elder sister, Guri.
He received his primary education from his village school in Bengali medium. After the completion of primary education, he studied at Bahragara M.E. School and Bahragara High School. During this period, he started reading storybooks and comics and participated in debates organised by the school every Saturday. He joined Auxiliary Cadet Corps of Bahragora High School and participated voluntarily with enthusiasm in a work camp at Saupal of Bihar.
Listening to traditional folk songs during festivals enchanted and influenced him and he started composing songs from a tender age. While studying in class nine, he started writing literary works in Santhali language. Some of his songs were published the first time in an anthology of songs with other poets in Jati Sagen Sereng Putih in the year 1955.
He wrote a social play titled Chapal Mala in 1956 which was staged in his village. The audience praised the play. He was a reader of Hor Sambad a monthly newspaper in Santhali edited by Dr Doman Sahoo Samir which influenced him a lot. He passed matriculation in the second division in the year 1958 and Intermediate Arts from Tata College, Chaibasa. In the new environment of college, he did not keep himself away from his mission; instead, he felt a powerful force in him.
In 1959, he composed the poem Binti related to the creation of the earth and the creation of human beings. Bir Baha, a book of Santhali songs, was published in 1969 by his college mates. Some of the songs of Sobhanth also got a place in this book. He passed Intermediate Arts in the year 1960, and unfortunately, his father even expired in the same year. Then, he started looking for a job for livelihood and discontinued his study.