This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Barshan Karmakar. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

What Is The Outcome Of Iran’s Surgical Strikes In Pakistan?

More from Barshan Karmakar

The elite Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran

On 5th February 2021, Iran was reported to have conducted its surgical strikes inside the territory of Pakistan successfully. Iran however, goes on to become the third country to carry out such a manner of the tactical strike that was followed by a massive covert operation, which was led by crossing over a 959-kilometre border between the 2 countries. It is after the United States Navy Seals’ Operation Neptune Spear conducted on 2nd May 2011 to initiate the killing of Osama Bin Laden at Abbottabad in Pakistan, then Indian Army PARA SF’s Surgical Strikes on potential terror outfits at the Pak.

Occupied Kashmir (PoK) following the post-Uri base camp terror strikes on 28th-29th September 2016 and then Airstrikes by Indian Air Force at Balakot in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan on 27th February 2019 following the IED attack at Pulwama in India that martyred 42 soldiers.

The situation comes after an embarrassment that has remained left out due to the failure of Pakistani Intelligence to gather any type of outputs. This paved the way towards taking advantage of the situation that led Iran to infiltrate into the territory of Pakistan and conduct its surgical strikes. Through this strike, Iran was able to successfully free 2 out of the 10 soldiers of the elite IRGC (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps) who were captured and detained for 2 and a half years.

The rest 10 soldiers were previously released due to the imposition of severe diplomatic pressure by Tehran, as of November 2018 and the rest four soldiers were rescued by the Pakistan Army and released on March 21st, 2019. These outcomes came as a result of many efforts that were taken; the most important of them was the formation of a committee that worked towards demanding the release of these guards. However, one of the 12 guards died in the state of abduction.

The main brainchild of the abduction was carried out by a Pakistan-led Wahabi- terror group named ‘Jaish-ul Adl’ which captured these soldiers in 2018 October and kept them in a town named Merkava in the Sistan-Baluchistan Province situated at the border of the 2 countries. This was the same group that had captured Kulbhushan Jadhav and handed him over to the ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence Agency) of Pakistan.

But, according to various other sources, there are a lot of means and ways that are being found upon. This incident has not been given any importance and viewed with much seriousness by the media of Pakistan. As most of their channels are up to the mark of claiming that there was no such incident of struggle or direct action that took place between the armies of the two countries and thereby it claims that the manner of operation is still unknown.

The attack was mostly carried out as a means of retaliation from the end of the Elite Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran. But, there is the Baluchistan factor that is cropping out of this attack.

Geographical Representation of the territory of Baluchistan, lying within the 3 countries.

The entire Baluchistan spans as a massive province that lies within the geographical proximity of the 3 countries; Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, whereas it has a strong population of people who are followers of the Sunni sect of Islam. This group which has been linked to the incident is a militant organization that also operates in the South Eastern part of Iran’s Sistan-Baluchistan Province along the Iran-Pakistan border.

However, in comparison to the entire ethnic population of Iran, the demography of this province falls to be a minority to the whole. So, these people are generally not treated with the desired respect as a citizen deserves to be treated like, both in Iran and Pakistan. For the last 50 years, these people have been subjected to massive suppression along with the least amount of economic development and benefits to poor security. Thereafter, their main aim is towards waging a revolution against the Iranian government on matters relating to the protection of human rights of the ethnic Baloch people in Iran.

But the group Jaish-ul Adl which abducted the soldiers is classified as a terrorist organization by Tehran, but it had not been done so by Pakistan. In terms of other international recognitions, it has been recognized as a terrorist organization by Japan, the United States, and New Zealand. The group ‘Jaish-ul Adl’ has been accused by the Iranian Government for some major terrorist attacks, such as a suicide bombing in April 2017 and another one in 2018 at the port city of Chabahar, where India’s concerns also got tested in terms of the factor that this group was being backed by the ISI to carry out such strikes.

This situation comes as a matter of an offensive move by Iran led by a message through which it tries to convey to the entire world that, Tehran would like to pursue an independent foreign policy. When at this same time Iran’s Defence Minister Brigadier General Amir Hatami had scheduled his visit to attend the Aero India Show 2021 in Bangalore, India. It comes for the first time in 40 years of Indo-Iranian relations when a defence ministerial level has been conducted to India.

Iran’s Defense Minister, Brigadier General Amir Hatami

This visit fuelled a prospect of going ahead with much better and further strategic ties between the two countries’ armed forces. At this time when both countries had to deal with a neighbour who is a common potential enemy and threat to each other’s territorial integrity, peace, and sovereignty, his visit also comes with a message of balancing New Delhi’s relations with West Asia as a part of the meeting of the First Conclave of Defence Ministers in the Indian Ocean Region.

During the Presidency of Donald Trump, both Iran and India had to face the effects of sanctions and embargoes. As those have been lifted after the swearing-in of President Joe Biden in the United States, this comes as an opportunity for Iran to take its diplomatic and strategic relations forward in the forms of military and trade ties.

Iran’s Defence Minister, Brigadier General Hatami replied in an interview to Nitin A. Gokhale the Editor-in-chief of Strat. News Global, where he said that;

“Despite the fact of whoever is in power at Washington DC, they will have some imperial links led by arrogance upon other nations, which is a problem of the US administration and system. The Trump administration had waged an economic war upon Iran and thereby, if the US system has to change its attitude, it will need to return to the foundations of international treaties and respect the rights of other nations”.

However, this surgical strike by Iran can be understood as an indication of the fact the country is in the path of following a supreme and independent foreign policy with looking forwards to release its nuclear program and ensure to retaliate in case if its sovereignty is attacked by any other state or non-state actors.

Featured image is for representational purposes only.
You must be to comment.

More from Barshan Karmakar

Similar Posts

By Shakshi Jain

By shakeel ahmad

By shakeel ahmad

Wondering what to write about?

Here are some topics to get you started

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

Share your details to download the report.

We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below