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Central Vista Redevelopment Project: The Temple Of Modi’s Legacy Of ‘Demockracy’

Coronavirus has hit India in devastating ways, dawning a humanitarian crisis and exposing the broken system that we were comfortably frolicking in. The garb of empathy and good governance has been swiftly lifted, exposing the country for what it is. Amidst this crisis, the Modi government is adamant about pursuing the Central Vista’s redevelopment in Delhi, even after receiving a good deal of criticism with open calls from bureaucrats, activists, and the opposition to bring the project to a halt.

Rajpath New Delhi
The Central Vista houses the Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Parliament building, various other ministries and institutions in the heart of New Delhi.

Funds worth ₹20,000 crores have been allocated to this project to promise to bring it to completion before the next elections. Rationalising the explanation for such a hasty decision, the government wants us to believe that this project will mark a celebration of the 75th year of India’s independence, of India being a democratic republic. The bills passed in the recent past and the ignorance of its very people reveal how democratic the Modi government actually is, putting into question the real agenda of what it actually wants to celebrate.

With Ramchandra Guha calling it a “vanity project, designed to perpetuate the ruler’s immortality”, it becomes imperative to decipher the underlying reason behind this unwavering determination of misplaced responsibility of creating this taxpayer-funded temple of the Modi government’s legacy.

The Central Vista houses the Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Parliament building, various other ministries and institutions in the heart of New Delhi. The tender issued by the Central Public Works Department in September 2019 mentioned that this redevelopment is happening as a part of “Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a new India”. In October of the same year, after submissions from six big architectural firms, the tender went to Bimal Patel’s Gujarat-based HCP Designs.

The same firm is working on the redesign of Kashi Vishwanath Temple and worked on the Sabarmati Riverfront project in Gujarat. Sifting through some of the other projects undertaken by the firm, it’s needless to say that Bimal Patel is the Prime Minister’s favourite architect who he trusts with seeing his dream through (of literally building a Hindu Rashtra, one might think). One look at the selection process would reveal the mockery of democracy at the hands of the government with a hasty tender pushed through and one firm selected, all in record time with everything happening under the wraps and away from the public eye.

When the British Raj made New Delhi the capital of Imperial India in 1911, Edward Lutyens and Herbart Baker were employed to design the Central Vista as a display of colonialist power where all the administration work would take place. Redevelopment of the Central Vista might be justified as removal of this authoritarian colonial history, but if one analyses the processes involved in rebuilding, it can at best be called an abuse of power, with the new design only emanating another authoritarian rule, this time of the BJP government.

All the proposed bids seem to undermine the colonial power through grand architecture and highly modernised jargonesque buildings. Even though designed by colonists, the buildings are still a part of our heritage and make Delhi what it is. The heritage of a city can still be preserved without celebrating the power which gave rise to it. What can be celebrated instead is the reclaiming of such spaces from the British Raj.

Central Vista Project
This drastic, urgent and exclusionary reshaping of the Central Vista raises several questions on the priorities and ideas behind such a haphazard decision.

One glance at all the designs unsurprisingly reveals the similarity and obsession with arrogant modernity, extravaganza and monumentality, while reducing access to these places for the common people with restrictions and intimidation built into it. The designs seem to categorically diminish the reality that the Vista’s public spaces are accessed by the otherwise marginalised people of the city, thus alienating them in the process.

This drastic, urgent and exclusionary reshaping of the Central Vista raises several questions on the priorities and ideas behind such a haphazard decision. Is it to show the government’s unstoppable might and power? Is it to write in history the rise to power that BJP enjoyed? Is it to carve their name in Indian history, also in an attempt to reshape it? Are the funds allocated to this project done under “good governance”, or is it futile and unwanted? Who was consulted while such a decision was made?

On the surface, we seem to be celebrating the 75th year of India being a democracy and trying to represent it through the form of architecture, while underneath, what lies is far from it. The decision was majorly taken just by the ruling party and a handful of architects. And with the looming global pandemic, it sure seems like a futile exercise of self-indulgence to be spending such an exorbitant amount of money that can be used to give relief to the migrants or make our healthcare system more robust.

These exercises of changing the public are important forms and expressions of the wider processes of politics. Not only do they involve questions of distribution of power and influence, but they also expose decisions and policies that normally affect everyone in society but cater to only a few. By taking such a decision, the government is reinforcing the powerlessness of the very people it rules, conveying the message that the common public should be out of government administration.

The state’s running is to be done in a closed chamber, creating a dichotomy and hierarchy between the outside and inside. By deliberately shoving the very people out of the administrative space and turning a blind eye towards all the criticism, the government is trying to establish who is governing and who is to be governed.

This decision of redevelopment of the Central Vista exhibits the visual mnemonic of the new India that Modi has been meaning to build. This mnemonic is not a new pillar in the Modi wave that we have been accustomed to. The Gujarat development model popularised before the 2014 elections was also based on Modi’s visible infrastructural development to hone his image and his brand as a development messiah.

Migrant Workers Returning Home Amid Nationwide Lockdown To Curb Covid 19 Pandemic
People are seen line up to move at their respective villages in Uttar Pradesh and other states by train at Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Kurla, on May 30, 2020 in Mumbai, India. (Photo by Pratik Chorge/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)

People might forget the shortcomings of the leader for not doing justice to the migrant crisis, wreaking environmental havoc on the country to set up industries, blatantly supporting the capitalists and their agendas, and not condemning the violence unleashed on the marginalised of the country. But this, this visual mnemonic is here to stay in front of the people’s eyes as a reminder that Modi, once determined, can change the fabric of any place, staying true to his image of the development messiah.

It is an image-building tactic to sustain the cult that unflinchingly supports every decision made by their leader, immune to doubts about his governance. It assists with achieving cognitive consonance that the cult seeks as and when the uncomfortable reality of the leader dwindling from the pedestal is demonstrated in front of their eyes. It undoes any cognitive dissonance that the cult might be subjected to by coming across any harsh truth about their leader’s governance.

With such projects lurking permanently in front of the public eye, the reinforcement of faith becomes easier and the shortcomings become long-forgotten mistakes pushed down the memory hole. Much like the Sabarmati Riverfront Project in Gujarat helped build his image and veil the carnage that had occurred years prior to the arrival of the Gujarat Model.

On similar lines, the permanency of building a record-breaking statue of Sardar Vallabhai Patel was imbibed by the cult as a good decision taken in the country’s and people’s interest. The cognitive consonance was achieved by saying how it increased employment and tourism, justifying the outrageous amount of funds devoted to it. These always visible and highly publicised infrastructural projects only become tools of reinforcement of faith of the Modi cult, further securing the leader’s power and position.

Bringing the Gujarat Model of development to the whole of the country is one move that strengthens Modi’s mania of being the “emperor” of India. With such vanity projects, the Modi government is trying to rewrite history and construct a legacy of its establishment of a “New India” that only Modi could envision. It also strengthens the cult’s devotion in unflinchingly supporting the leader and turning a blind eye towards the destruction that he might cause along the way while shepherding them towards an Atmanirbhar Bharat, a utopic future.

The redeveloped Central Vista would stand as a temple, as a legacy of Modi’s governance which people would applaud. This temple will withstand the test of time as a place of worship for our deified Prime Minister, glorifying the transformation he led under his command.

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  1. Darshil Shah

    I really liked your take on the Modiwashing of governance structures and it being developed by Modi’s favourites and agree there, but a bit 9f research shows that the Central Vista Project is actually quite important. I have written an article in defense of it and would love to hear your views on it:

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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