Insomnia affects a large proportion of the population on a contingent, periodic and habitual or recurrent basis. It is a common problem in today’s world, leading to exasperation, pique, displeasure, and lethargy. The persistent sleeping disorder could be linked with adverse health complications like weight gain, digestive problems and it can lead to sleep apnea, narcolepsy and parasomnias like nightmares and bedwetting.
For almost 2 decades, influential developments in analysis and indicative standards have inflamed a shift from merely an indication based perception to the realisation of insomnia as a disorder in its own right. Professional gurus say reasons may vary from person to person, but the common causes include stress, irregular sleeping schedule, poor sleeping habits, anxiety, depression, physical illnesses, pain, medication, neurological problems and the most important is excessive attention to the use of mobile phones till late night.
This alluring impact of gadgets like laptops, tablets, mobile phones, etc., has propelled people to stay awake for longer durations at night. The Covid-19 pandemic has also changed people’s normal sleep patterns, especially among students who stay at home and tend to sleep during the day, which means a disturbance to the normal sleep pattern.
I experienced this problem when I moved from Delhi to Kashmir (from 2G to 4G life). I became a pathological internet user, which induced poor sleep quality, lower levels of physical work or activity and health problems like migraines and obesity.
My internal clock was disrupted, and I developed a circadian rhythm sleep, which further exacerbated the health effects of sleep deprivation. This addiction hindered my studies and long-term goals which ultimately lead to depression, anxiety and stress.
Obstacles in falling asleep may be principally or essentially due to psychological and experimental factors such as nervousness or anxiety in bed or having contradictory or senseless intentions or outlooks of sleep duration. Researchers believe that these superfluous and unreasonable predictions about sleep loss, sooner or later, become constant and grant motorised nocturnal cause for anxiety and insight.
Also, the doomed pursuits to control reflections, illustrations and sentiments only impair the situation. When the rhythm or period is ingrained, the sleeping disorder becomes a self-accomplished prognostication that can linger sine die. Other practices in the bedroom that are irreconcilable are talking on the telephone till midnight, watching movies or serials, playing games, eating and smoking.
Sleep is as necessary as oxygen to the body. It rebuilds physical energy, overhauls damaged tissues and revitalises the mind. Not taking the appropriate volume or quality sleep undergoes more than just feeling distressed and drained. It exasperates emotional or mental function, can lead to learning impairments (especially in children), personality changes and mortification.
It affects the younger generation the most, who are underprivileged of sleep. They experience complications in building or making judgements, have problems with achievements, and slower reaction times, laying them at peril for automobile or work-related accidents. The younger generations, like me, face this problem severely and it affects the quality of life so often and so sorely that it can disrupt thinking, weight, studies, mental health, etc.
The National health policy of India fails to address the critical issues of the requirement of adequate sleep. Some statistics show the high prevalence of insomnia and recorded 25–30% in the urban population.
Someone who toils with insomnia doesn’t ponder to share with their healthcare provider. Our health and quality of life depend on good sleep for almost 7 to 8 hours. Healthcare workers can perform a physical exam and identify the complications.
Nowadays, electronic gadgets can be used to measure your quality of sleep and you can keep a diary for 3 to 4 weeks which may be helpful to share your data with a medical specialist. Suppose your medical specialist suspects that you have dysfunctional sleep cognition. In that case, the practitioner may refer you to a sleep disorder clinic where a sleep specialist will scrutinise your symptoms and may advocate that you undergo a sleep study.
Insomnia or sleeping disorder incorporates an omnipresent or ubiquitary band of syndromes that have influential and relevant emanation for an individual’s health and material outlays to society.
The investigation and interpretation of sleep disorders require careful history taking and clinical testing. Even though natural protocols in management for the more common and crucial sleep disorders and analysis needs to be tailored to the individual patient.
Forecast for good sleep may be developed by creating an optimal sleep environment like a comfortable, cool and quiet bedroom, thinking positive and avoiding going to bed with a negative mindset, not watching television, placing your mobile away from the bedroom, establishing a regular bedtime, a relaxing routine each night like taking a warm bath, not watching the clock, limiting naps to less than 1 hour, avoiding caffeine intake or chocolates or heavy meals and avoiding smoking and alcohol.
The Holy Quran says the movement of day and night is not just the alternation of darkness and brightness in our lives but also the coming of the darkness daily, which means we should lie down. The coming of light does not only mean the sun has risen, but it means that we are fresh after taking a rest and are ready to face the challenges of life.
But our lifestyle has changed altogether. Now people like to stay awake till late and sleep half a day. This is against what the Holy Quran says. Medical science has also rejected this lifestyle because it causes a great imbalance in our lifestyle and adversely affects our health.
ALLAH says in the Holy Quran that he has created night for rest and day for work. “It is he who has appointed the night a covering for you and sleep for a rest. The day he has appointed for rising.” (Surah Furqan: 47)