How did an ideology of liberation lead to so much oppression, tyranny and death? Were its failures intrinsic to the communist project, or did they arise from avoidable flaws of particular rulers or nations? Like any great historical development, the failures of communism cannot be reduced to any one single cause. But, by and large, they were indeed inherent.
Two central points were the main sources of the abominations caused by socialist systems: unreasonable motivating forces and insufficient information. The foundation of the midway arranged economy and society needed by communist philosophy required a tremendous centralisation of force.
While socialists anticipated an idealistic culture in which the state could ultimately “shrivel away,” they accepted they initially needed to build up a state-run economy to oversee creation in light of a legitimate concern for individuals. Around there, they shared a lot of practice speaking with different communists.
To make communism work, government organisers expected to have the power to coordinate the creation and conveyance of essentially every one of the merchandise delivered by the general public. Moreover, broad compulsion was important to compel individuals to surrender their private property and accomplish the work that the state required.
Starvation and mass homicide was presumably the lone way the leaders of the USSR, China and other socialist states could force labourers to surrender their territory and animals and acknowledge another type of serfdom on aggregate ranches — which most were then taboo to leave without true consent, for dread that they may somehow look for a simpler life somewhere else.
The huge power necessary to determine and maintain the communist system naturally attracted unscrupulous folks, together with several self-seekers who prioritised their own interests over those of the cause.
However, it’s hanging that the largest communist atrocities were perpetrated not by corrupt party bosses but by true believers of Lenin, Mao, Stalin. As a result of they were true believers. They were willing to try to do whatever it would take to create their utopian dreams a reality.