As greenhouse gases trap more energy from the sun, the oceans absorb more heat, increasing sea surface temperatures and rising sea levels. Continuing changes in ocean temperatures and currents brought about by climate change will lead to alterations in climate patterns around the world. Thus, the ocean plays a vital role in regulating the earth’s complicated climate. There is no dispute on this issue.
Although much has been said on climate change yet little seems to be executed on its apt management. As it is plainly evident that our country is extremely unprotected as 14% of its 1.3 billion population reside in the coastal districts. The number living in the coastal areas below 10 metres elevation is forecast to rise threefold by the year 2060, point out the scientists.
The most concerning point is that the western parts of the Indian Ocean are warming more rapidly than the entire expanse of the Indian Ocean, which is, according to the experts, warming up at a comparatively faster rate compared to the Atlantic Ocean or the Pacific Ocean.
We find precisely that the sea surface temperature rise is engaging well with the ceaseless alterations in the intensity and frequency of cyclones, particularly in the Arabian sea. But, unfortunately, this analysis is also supposed to be quite uncomfortable because of natural disasters.
The rapid intensification of weak storms into severe cyclones has been observed in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal over recent years. But the drawback is that the current forecasting models do not pick up rapid intensification in advance, presenting a big challenge to both the disaster management authorities and the public in responding to the grave risk adequately, according to the proficient experts.
Whenever there are climate projections, it is displayed that the Arabian sea may cause more damages. For it continues to warm at a faster proportion than what we have seen previously. This indicates the fear of more hazardous cyclones in the Arabian Sea. It is a calculative analysis by those who study the disposition of the calm but turbulent sea all the time.