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What Will The Future Look Like In 2050?

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What will the world look like in 2050?

Predicting what the world will look like in the future has been a favorite of many. Some view the world with a pessimistic outlook; A world with a staggering population growth that will eventually be destroyed by causes such as global warming, natural disasters, space invasions, or nuclear war. On the other hand, some are optimistic about the future of the world.

While acknowledging that the world will face problems with global population growth and resource scarcity, they point to social and economic advances, scientific and technological inventions, and human achievements, and paint a better future for the world.

In this regard, if we put aside predictions based on transcendental and mythical interpretations such as tarot cards and Nostradamus astrology and look at the scientific methods of our time such as futures studies, we may be able to obtain more accurate geography of the future of the world. In this article, I will try to give researchers an idea of ​​the world of 2050 and point out the issues raised in this field.


Representational Image. The world economy will nearly triple by 2050.

The world economy will grow by an average of 3% per year between 2014 and 2050. This means that world economic growth will double by 2037 and almost triple by 2050. In 2050, India will overtake the United States to become the world’s second-largest economy after China.

In 2014, China was in first place with a GDP of $ 2.06 trillion, followed by the United States with $ 4.466 billion and India in third place with $ 1.7 trillion. While China is projected to continue to be the number one country in terms of GDP with $ 60 trillion and $ 6 trillion in 2050, India with significant economic growth of $ 40 trillion and $ 35 billion out of the United States gross domestic product of $ 40 trillion and $ 24 billion. Surpass. The gap between the world’s three largest economies, China, India, and the United States, is also projected to widen in the coming decades.

John Huxworth, chief economist at Piedmontese, believes that Europe must work to survive this great historical shift in world economic power, or it will return to a world ruled by Asian economies before the Industrial Revolution; A world in which Indonesia is projected to be the fourth-largest economy by 2050.

According to forecasts, the EU’s share of world GDP will fall from the current 5% to less than 2% by 2050. Of course, the United States and Britain, thanks to trade, investment, manpower, and people’s ideas, will be in a better position and feel less at risk, although Britain’s GDP will lag behind Mexico and Indonesia by 2030, and by 2050 Nigeria will no longer be one of the world’s top’s economies, but it will still outperform its weekly group rivals Germany, France, and Italy in terms of economic growth, and the British economy is projected to grow at an average annual rate of around تا 35 over the next 35 years. , 4% growth.

In this great economic shift, emerging economies are leaving behind the gross domestic product of the G7 countries. This means that by 2050, the total GDP of China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Indonesia, and Turkey will be much more than one hundred thousand dollars, and this figure for Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Britain. And the United States does not even reach one hundred thousand billion dollars.

Stephen Walt, a professor of international relations at Harvard University, predicts that the United States, China, Japan, India, Brazil, Russia, and the European Union will be the world’s major economic players by 2050. He believes that countries with high incomes today will almost certainly have high incomes in the next 35 years, and the same is true for poor countries.


According to the Pew Research Center, the world’s population will increase from 6 billion 900 million in 2010 to 9 billion 600 million in 2050, and this staggering population growth, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has led to global food shortages. will be. Predicting population growth is one of the most reliable predictions of the world.

China and India will each have a population of at least one billion, and the United States will have a population of about 400 million. Human life expectancy is expected to increase. According to the United Nations, the average life expectancy in 2050 will reach 76 years, which will increase by about 3 years compared to 67.2 years in 2010.

According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the world produced about 33 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide in 2010, a figure that will rise to 55.8 gigatons by 2050, with catastrophic consequences. The organization predicts that without new policies and with the current trend, with a 50% increase in greenhouse gas emissions and a 70% increase in carbon dioxide emissions, much more devastating climate change awaits the world by 2050.
The atmospheric density of greenhouse gases will reach a level whereby global average temperatures will reach three to six degrees Celsius by the end of the century, which is higher than the two degrees agreed worldwide. In 2008, the G8 countries agreed to halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

The Environment

The acidification of the oceans is another serious environmental issue facing the world. Excess man-made carbon dioxide released into ocean water is converted to carbonic acid, which over time has caused the oceanic acidity of the ocean to increase by more than 30 percent. This increase in acid in the ocean upsets the balance of carbon dioxide in the water and endangers the offspring of these marine organisms.

According to the Environmental Justice Foundation (IJEAF), global warming over the next 40 years will cause 150 million people to migrate to other countries as “climate refugees“. In 2008 alone, more than 20 million people were displaced by climate-related natural disasters.

forest fire
Representational Image. Climate change will become extremely threatening by 2050.

Climate change is affecting homes and infrastructure, food, water, and human health, and this will lead to forced migration on an unprecedented scale,” said Steve Trent, director of the foundation. “Environmental exile”, “environmental migration”, “environmental refugees” or “climate asylum” is the phenomenon by which people migrate or flee to other areas due to sudden or long-term changes in their environment to maintain their health and safety.

These changes usually include increased drought and water scarcity, desertification, rising sea levels and floods, and seasonal weather patterns, hurricanes, and hurricanes. In the book “Environmental Refugees”, Norman Myers states that these refugees will soon become the main group of forced refugees. He adds that the number of refugees will reach more than 200 million by 2050. The migration of the people of Ilam province due to the spread of fine dust and the diseases caused by it is also among these environmental deportations.

Water scarcity is one of the most important environmental issues facing the world. Water is one of the most important resources on earth, and countries around the world are preparing for a water shortage crisis. India, as one of the most populous countries in the world, feels this risk even more, because according to forecasts, the country’s water demand will double by 2050.

The International Water and Sewerage Center said in a report that almost all Arab countries will face water shortages in the coming decades. “By 2025, more than half of the world’s countries will be facing water shortages, and 25 years from now, by 2050, 75% of the world’s population will be facing water shortages.”


According to research by the Pew Research Center, the rapid change in the world’s religious image is largely due to differences in fertility rates and the number of young people among the major religions, rather than due to changes in religion. Over the next four decades, Christianity will remain the world’s largest religious group, but Islam will grow much faster than any other religion. The world’s Muslim population will double by the rest of the world by 2050 due to its youth and high fertility rate.

Similarly, according to the Pew Research Center, the world’s Muslim population will equal the world Christian population in 2070 and gradually surpass it, so that in 2100 the world’s Muslim population will be about one percent more than the world’s Christian population.

Considering Europe; Where Christianity has historically dominated, today we see that Europe is the only region where the number of Christians will be declining in the coming years. In 2010, up to 75% of Europeans were Christians, which Pew predicts will decrease to about 65% by 2050. On the other hand, the Muslim population in Europe is expected to increase by about 28 million in the next four decades.

Muslims will still be a minority in Europe by 2050, accounting for almost 10% of Europe’s population.
The main reasons for this change in the religious face of the world are mostly age, fertility rate, and migration, and the change in religion is a minor reason. During the years 2010 to 2050, the conversion to Islam of other religions will be second only to Christianity, but the departure from Christianity will be about 6 times the departure from Islam, and this issue will push Islam in the population increase.

The majority of the world’s Muslim population, like today, will live in Asia and the Pacific. The life expectancy of Muslims will increase in the coming decades. Jews will live longer than other religions in 2050, and their life expectancy is 85 years, which is 6 years longer than 75 years for Muslims. Of course, Conrad Hecht, a demographer in the field of religion at the Pew Research Center, believes that the reason for this is the concentration of the Jewish population. This means that approximately 80% of Jews live in Israel or the United States, both of which are highly developed.

The data from Pew’s research refute the theory that the world is inevitably moving towards secularization. In the next 40 years, the world’s non-religious population will be only 13%, which is slightly less than in 2010.

According to theories of secularization, the future of the world will be culturally dominated by the West, and the United States and Europe will indeed be almost less religious in the coming years, but according to the numbers, the West is shrinking and the rest,” he said. “The world has taken a very different path that is moving towards God.

He believes that the train of the world is on the rail, which leads him to a more religious destination. This religiosity also moves towards homogeneity. This means that different religious tendencies will decrease and it is predicted that Islam and Christianity will make up two-thirds of the world’s population in 2100.


Martin Reese, in an article published in the Guardian, believes that one of the most difficult predictions is a prediction of technological progress; Just as the best scientists in the past could not have predicted the effect of nuclear physics, imagining a world with today’s smartphones in a day like the middle of the twentieth century was like a miracle. Every mobile phone today has much more powerful computer processing power than the entire NASA computer processing system of the 1960s.

Representational Image. Technology would have advanced to meet human capabilities by 2050.

Some believe that computers by 2050 can meet human capabilities. Of course, in some cases, today’s computers have reached this point. In the next 5 years, we will be able to buy calculators that are much more powerful than humans in logic.

With high self-confidence, we can think about predicting human advances in computer power, information technology, and genetic analysis techniques. But by 2050, there will be new changes in terms of quality. For example, what has remained unchanged for thousands of years is human nature and human personality. But in the present century, mind-enhancing drugs, genetics, and the creation of humans with supernatural abilities by implanting mechanical parts in their bodies may change human personality and nature. Today, some people demand that their bodies be frozen in refrigerators in California in the hope of a resurrection in the future.

The Last Word

Despite all the human progress in the future, they still have a long way to go and political and social institutions still have a long way to go,” said Stephen Walt, a professor of international relations at Harvard University. The world is trying, and they are probably looking at the unfavorable state of our world today with a nostalgic look, and even though we do not have flying machines, they are jealous of their predecessors.

In another part of his article, he draws readers to the point that we should not be unaware of the unpredictable and sudden events that will shatter all our predictions. “An epidemic, a nuclear terrorist incident, a major economic shock, or a catastrophic drought may have profound effects that change the global discourse on a large scale and make many of our predictions foolish.

Feature image is for representational purposes only

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

Read more about the campaign here.

A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

Read more about the campaign here.

A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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