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Cyber crime affects society in different ways

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Cybercrime is an act related to computer systems and networks which involves hacking, phishing, spamming or using the internet as a tool to commit an offence (infant pornography and hate crimes). It’s a larger threat now than ever before because of the sheer number of linked humans and devices.

Cybercrime is a term for any unlawful pastime that makes use of a laptop as its number one method of fee. Cybercriminals may also use the PC to get the right of entry to personal facts, a commercial enterprise’s secrets and techniques or use the net for exploitative or malicious functions.

Cybercriminals can also use various electronic devices such as computers for communication, documents or data storage. Criminals who’re engaged in these unlawful activities are often called hackers.

Common forms of cybercrime consist of online financial institution data robbery, identification robbery, online predatory crimes and unauthorised computer access for extreme crimes like cyber-terrorism. Cybercrimes cowl a wide variety of sports, however, those can usually be broken into two classes

  • Crimes that concentrate on laptop networks or gadgets. Those forms of crimes include viruses and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks.
  • Crimes that use networks to strengthen different criminal activities. Those kinds of crimes consist of cyber-stalking, phishing and fraud or identity theft. Criminals committing cybercrime use a number of methods depending on their ability-set and their intention.

Cybercrime, as distinguished from PC crime, is an umbrella term for numerous crimes dedicated to the usage of the sector-wide net, inclusive of theft of one’s non-public identity (identity theft) or monetary resources. Use of malicious software code consisting of computer viruses.

Use of others’ computer systems to send unsolicited mail electronic mail messages (botnets), denial of carrier (DoS) attacks on computer networks or websites by way of the hacker, activism or attacking computer servers of these establishments felt by way of the hacker to be unsavoury or ethically dubious.

Cyberstalking by which sexual predators use internet chat rooms, social networking websites and different online venues to find and harass their sufferers, cyber bullying where individuals are pressured via others, causing intense intellectual suffering, cyber pornography, using the net to spread baby and person pornograph.

Internet playing and software program piracy and cyber terrorism, using the internet to level intentional, extensive-spread attacks that disrupt computer networks, the use of the internet to unfold violent messages, recruit terrorists and plan attacks.

There are various Cybercrimes and can be divided into the following subcategories: Cybertrespass (hacktivism, viruses, denial of carrier attacks), cyber-deceptions (identification robbery, fraud, piracy), cyber-pornography, cyber-violence (cyberbullying, cyberstalking).

Electronic devices such as PC or various tools can be the agent of the crime, the facilitator of the crime or the target of the crime. The crime can also take place on the laptop by myself or similarly to different locations. The huge variety of cybercrimes may be better understood by dividing them into categories.

Type 1 Cybercrime:

  • Generally a single event from the perspective of the sufferer.
  • Phishing is where the sufferer receives a supposedly valid email (quite regularly claiming to be a bank or credit score card corporation) with a link that ends in an opposed website. Once the hyperlink is clicked, the computer can then be infected with an epidemic.
  • Hackers often carry out by taking gain of flaws in an internet browser to locate a bug virus onto the unprotected victim’s PC.
  • Any cybercrime that pertains to robbery or manipulation of records or services through hacking or viruses, identity theft and the financial institution or e-commerce fraud.

Type 2 Cybercrime:

  • This tends to be a lot more extreme and covers matters together with cyberstalking and harassment, baby predation, extortion, blackmail, inventory marketplace manipulation, complex company espionage and making plans or carrying out terrorist plots.
  • It’s usually an ongoing series of events, related to repeated interactions with the target. As an instance, the target is contacted in a talk room by way of a person who, through the years, tries to set up a courting.

subsequently, the criminal exploits the relationship to commit a criminal offence. Or contributors of a terrorist cellular or criminal business enterprise may additionally use hidden messages to speak in a public forum to devise sports or talk money laundering places, as an example.

  1. extra regularly than now not, it’s miles facilitated by way of programmes that don’t healthy underneath the class crime ware. as an example, conversations might also take region using IM (immediate messaging) customers or documents may be transferred using report transfer Protocol

 

Impacts OF CYBER CRIME:

The affects of a unmarried, a success cyber attack could have far-accomplishing implications which include monetary losses, robbery of highbrow assets, and loss of client confidence and believe. the overall economic effect of cyber crime on society and authorities is predicted to be billions of greenbacks a yr. Criminals take benefit of technology in lots of distinctive

Approaches.

The internet, particularly, is a top notch tool for scammers and other miscreants, because it lets in them to ply their trade at the same time as hiding in the back of a protect of digital anonymity.

Cyber crime influences society in a number of different methods, each on line and offline. identification robbery: turning into the victim of cyber crime will have long-lasting results on life. One not unusual technique scammers appoint is phishing, sending false emails purporting to come from a financial institution or other economic institution requesting non-public information. If one fingers over this facts, it could allow the crook to get admission to one’s financial institution and credit bills, in addition to open new accounts and ruin credit score rating.

Security fees:

Cyber criminals also cognizance their assaults on agencies, both massive and small. Hackers can also try to take over business enterprise servers to scouse borrow statistics or use the machines for his or her own purposes, requiring corporations to lease workforce and replace software program to maintain intruders out. in step with EWeek, a survey of massive businesses located a mean expenditure of $eight.9 million in line with 12 months on cyber safety, with a hundred per cent of corporations surveyed reporting at least one malware incident within the previous three hundred and sixty five days and 71 consistent with cent reporting the hijacking of corporation computers by means of outsiders.

financial LOSSES:

the general monetary losses from cyber crime can be significant. consistent with a 2012 document with the aid of Symantec, greater than 1.5 million humans fall sufferer to some kind of cyber crime each day, starting from simple password theft to tremendous monetary swindles. With a median lack of $197 in step with victim, this provides up to extra than $a hundred and ten billion greenbacks misplaced to cyber crime global every yr. As clients get clever to standard avenues of attack, cyber criminals have advanced new strategies related to cell devices and social networks to preserve their illicit profits flowing.

 

PIRACY:

The cyber crime of piracy has had main effects on amusement, music and software program industries. Claims of damages are tough to estimate or even harder to confirm, with estimates ranging widely from hundreds of millions to masses of billions of greenbacks consistent with year. In reaction, copyright holders have lobbied for stricter laws towards intellectual assets theft, resulting in laws like the virtual Millennium Copyright Act. these legal guidelines permit copyright holders to goal report sharers and sue them for large sums of money to counteract the monetary damage of their sports on-line.

SOCIAL affects:

Cyber criminals take full advantage of anonymity, secrecy, and interconnectedness furnished by using the net, therefore, attacking the very foundations of our present day information society. Cyber crime can involve botnets, laptop viruses, cyber bullying, cyber stalking, cyber terrorism, cyber pornography, denial of service attacks, hacktivism, identity theft, malware, and unsolicited mail. law enforcement officials have struggled to hold tempo with cyber criminals, who price the global economic system billions annually. Police are trying to apply the equal tools cyber criminals use to perpetrate crimes so that it will prevent the ones crimes and convey the responsible events to justice. this text starts through defining cyber crime after which actions to a dialogue of its monetary and social influences. It continues with unique excursions into cyber bullying and cyber pornography, two specifically representative examples of cyber crime, and concludes with a discussion of ways to curtail the unfold of cyber crime.

computer-related crimes date again to the origins of computing although the extra connectivity among computers via the net has introduced the idea of cyber crime into public attention of our facts society.

 

EMOTIONAL effect OF CYBER CRIME:

a brand new examine by using Norton famous the magnificent incidence of cyber crime. There is about 65 % of net users globally, and seventy three according to cent folks net surfers have fallen victim to cyber crimes, together with computer viruses Virtual credit score card  crimes / fraud and identification robbery. as the most victimised countries, america ranks 0.33, after China (83 in step with cent) and Brazil and India (seventy six in line with cent). the primary study to look at the emotional effect of cyber crime suggests that victims’ strongest reactions are feeling angry (fifty eight in line with cent), aggravated (51 per cent) and cheated (40 in keeping with cent), and in lots of instances, they blame themselves for being attacked. most effective three in keeping with cent do not assume it’s going to take place to them, and almost 80 consistent with cent do not anticipate cyber criminals to be delivered to justice ensuing in an ironic reluctance to take action and a sense of helplessness.

no matter emotional burden, the ordinary danger and incidents of cyber crime, humans nonetheless aren’t converting their behaviour – with only half of (51 per cent) of adults pronouncing they could alternate their behaviour in the event that they became a sufferer. Even fewer than half of (forty four in line with cent) mentioned the crime to the police. nearly eighty according to cent of cyber crimes are envisioned to originate in a few form of organised hobby. The diffusion of the model of fraud-as-provider and the diversification of the offerings of the underground marketplace also are attracting new actors with modest talents. Cyber crime is becoming a commercial enterprise possibility open to every body pushed via profit and personal advantage.

 

 

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An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

Read more about his campaign.

Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

Read more about her campaign.

MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Read more about her campaign. 

A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

Find out more about the campaign here.

A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

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A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

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A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

Find out more about her campaign here.

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform Change.org, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on Change.org has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in Change.org’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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