This post has been self-published on Youth Ki Awaaz by Ronit Shakya. Just like them, anyone can publish on Youth Ki Awaaz.

How Did The Dutch Arrive In India?

More from Ronit Shakya

All European merchant corporations had the same goal of high earnings via commercial enterprise; they landed within the same subject via taking a sanad from their respective kings. Therefore, fierce warfare between them became herbal. These service provider companies no longer confined themselves to enterprise activities but started making plans to occupy the territories, which improved the bitterness of the struggle even more.

In the primary half of the seventeenth century, there had been a three-birthday party battle between the Portuguese and the Dutch, between the Portuguese and the British, and the Dutch and the British. Later, the competition among the British and the French started. Note that the population of Holland (now the Netherlands) are referred to as Dutch.

The Arrival Of The Dutch

The first Dutch fleet, which crossed the Cape of Good Hope and reached the Malay Islands, sailed from Howland in April 1596 and again in 1597. The Dutch got super enthusiasm from this a hit sea voyage. “New organisations had been mounted for the Indian change in many cities of Holland and Joland, but on March 20, 1602, in step with the sanad, some of these businesses were merged to form the United East India Company of the Netherlands. By this sanad, the Dutch States General (Legislative Assembly) granted this organisation the right to wage war, make treaties, keep territories and fortifications, and thus “made the United Company a sturdy weapon of warfare and conquest.”

Image credit: Wikipedia

In 1605, the Dutch took Amboya (an island in Indonesia) from the Portuguese and steadily replaced them in the Spice Islands. In 1609, Peterboth was made the governor-trendy of the Jap Archipelago and a Council was installed. His successor Jain Pyatersun Goyan conquered Jaktra and based Batavia on its ruins in 1619. They besieged Goa in 1639, captured Malacca in 1641 and invaded Lanka, the last Portuguese base in 1658.

By 1664, the Portuguese had been driven out of maximum in their early colonies on the Malabar Coast. The policy of the Dutch in Lanka till 1739 turned into to preserve friendly relations with the “Emperor of Lanka”, who lived in Kandy. Those who had been at once struck by the Portuguese misrule, the Dutch attracted them by using giving them many facilities. They added slaves from South India for irrigation and farming and encouraged new crops together with cotton and indigo.

Dutch’s Factories

The Dutch got here to those islands simplest because of the chillies and spices created from Sumatra, Java and Malacca Islands. Therefore, those archipelagos have been no longer only the strategic and administrative facilities of their device, however additionally their monetary facilities. But because of many egocentric hobbies, he additionally got here to India. In 1605 AD, the first manufacturing facility was installed in Masulipatnam. Here he installed several factories at the Coromandel Coast and in Gujarat and Bengal. Other factories

  • Pulicat (1610)
  • Surat (1616)
  • Chinsurah (1653)
  • Kasimbazar, Patna, Balasore, Baranagar, Negapatam (1659)
  • Cochin (1663)

These factories greatly helped in growing the Dutch alternate. As early as 1612, the Coromandel Coast turned into known as “the left-hand facet of Malacca and the close by islands, due to the fact without cotton there, trade in Malacca might have come to an end”. (Source: Cambridge History, Page 35). Now they absolutely have become the vendors of products and produce among India and their colonies across the ocean to the east. From the port of Surat, they observed abundant indigo in crucial India and the extended vicinity around the Yamuna. They delivered knitwear and silk from Bengal, Gujarat and Coromandel, Shore, rice from Bihar and mainly opium from the Ganges river simple. The Dutch continued to monopolize the spice change at some stage in the 17th century, due to the sluggish decline of Portuguese strength at sea and the increasing energy of the Dutch.

Fall Of The Dutch

By the seventeenth century, the British had to face the change competition of the Dutch within the east. Leaving the Dutch unbiased within the spice islands, the British grew to become their interest in the direction of India in Adhunik Bharat Ka Itihas. The Dutch started out making increasingly more Malay Archipelago and British India their territory. But a few of the Dutch jealousy of English alternate and effect in India changed into still occurring. In 1672-74, the Dutch blocked site visitors between Surat and the brand new English colony of Bombay and captured three English ships headed to England within the Bay of Bengal.

On the other hand, Anglo-Dutch wars had been taking place in Europe. There the Dutch suffered a crushing defeat. That’s why he has become vulnerable in India too. In the Battle of Bedara (Bengal) (also known as the Battle of Chinsurah) the British defeated the Dutch badly. This destroyed all the opportunities of Dutch domination and left no European competitor to the British in Bengal.

Note: For more such stories, visit Bharat Ka Itihaas

You must be to comment.

More from Ronit Shakya

Similar Posts

By saddam Khan

By Ishmeet Kaur Mac

By Anupam Shukla

    If you do not receive an email within the next 5 mins, please check your spam box or email us at

      If you do not receive an email within the next 5 mins, please check your spam box or email us at

        If you do not receive an email within the next 5 mins, please check your spam box or email us at

        Wondering what to write about?

        Here are some topics to get you started

        Share your details to download the report.

        We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

        Share your details to download the report.

        We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

        An ambassador and trained facilitator under Eco Femme (a social enterprise working towards menstrual health in south India), Sanjina is also an active member of the MHM Collective- India and Menstrual Health Alliance- India. She has conducted Menstrual Health sessions in multiple government schools adopted by Rotary District 3240 as part of their WinS project in rural Bengal. She has also delivered training of trainers on SRHR, gender, sexuality and Menstruation for Tomorrow’s Foundation, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Nirdhan trust and Micro Finance, Tollygunj Women In Need, Paint It Red in Kolkata.

        Now as an MH Fellow with YKA, she’s expanding her impressive scope of work further by launching a campaign to facilitate the process of ensuring better menstrual health and SRH services for women residing in correctional homes in West Bengal. The campaign will entail an independent study to take stalk of the present conditions of MHM in correctional homes across the state and use its findings to build public support and political will to take the necessary action.

        Saurabh has been associated with YKA as a user and has consistently been writing on the issue MHM and its intersectionality with other issues in the society. Now as an MHM Fellow with YKA, he’s launched the Right to Period campaign, which aims to ensure proper execution of MHM guidelines in Delhi’s schools.

        The long-term aim of the campaign is to develop an open culture where menstruation is not treated as a taboo. The campaign also seeks to hold the schools accountable for their responsibilities as an important component in the implementation of MHM policies by making adequate sanitation infrastructure and knowledge of MHM available in school premises.

        Read more about his campaign.

        Harshita is a psychologist and works to support people with mental health issues, particularly adolescents who are survivors of violence. Associated with the Azadi Foundation in UP, Harshita became an MHM Fellow with YKA, with the aim of promoting better menstrual health.

        Her campaign #MeriMarzi aims to promote menstrual health and wellness, hygiene and facilities for female sex workers in UP. She says, “Knowledge about natural body processes is a very basic human right. And for individuals whose occupation is providing sexual services, it becomes even more important.”

        Meri Marzi aims to ensure sensitised, non-discriminatory health workers for the needs of female sex workers in the Suraksha Clinics under the UPSACS (Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society) program by creating more dialogues and garnering public support for the cause of sex workers’ menstrual rights. The campaign will also ensure interventions with sex workers to clear misconceptions around overall hygiene management to ensure that results flow both ways.

        Read more about her campaign.

        MH Fellow Sabna comes with significant experience working with a range of development issues. A co-founder of Project Sakhi Saheli, which aims to combat period poverty and break menstrual taboos, Sabna has, in the past, worked on the issue of menstruation in urban slums of Delhi with women and adolescent girls. She and her team also released MenstraBook, with menstrastories and organised Menstra Tlk in the Delhi School of Social Work to create more conversations on menstruation.

        With YKA MHM Fellow Vineet, Sabna launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society. As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

        Read more about her campaign. 

        A student from Delhi School of Social work, Vineet is a part of Project Sakhi Saheli, an initiative by the students of Delhi school of Social Work to create awareness on Menstrual Health and combat Period Poverty. Along with MHM Action Fellow Sabna, Vineet launched Menstratalk, a campaign that aims to put an end to period poverty and smash menstrual taboos in society.

        As a start, the campaign aims to begin conversations on menstrual health with five hundred adolescents and youth in Delhi through offline platforms, and through this community mobilise support to create Period Friendly Institutions out of educational institutes in the city.

        Find out more about the campaign here.

        A native of Bhagalpur district – Bihar, Shalini Jha believes in equal rights for all genders and wants to work for a gender-equal and just society. In the past she’s had a year-long association as a community leader with Haiyya: Organise for Action’s Health Over Stigma campaign. She’s pursuing a Master’s in Literature with Ambedkar University, Delhi and as an MHM Fellow with YKA, recently launched ‘Project अल्हड़ (Alharh)’.

        She says, “Bihar is ranked the lowest in India’s SDG Index 2019 for India. Hygienic and comfortable menstruation is a basic human right and sustainable development cannot be ensured if menstruators are deprived of their basic rights.” Project अल्हड़ (Alharh) aims to create a robust sensitised community in Bhagalpur to collectively spread awareness, break the taboo, debunk myths and initiate fearless conversations around menstruation. The campaign aims to reach at least 6000 adolescent girls from government and private schools in Baghalpur district in 2020.

        Read more about the campaign here.

        A psychologist and co-founder of a mental health NGO called Customize Cognition, Ritika forayed into the space of menstrual health and hygiene, sexual and reproductive healthcare and rights and gender equality as an MHM Fellow with YKA. She says, “The experience of working on MHM/SRHR and gender equality has been an enriching and eye-opening experience. I have learned what’s beneath the surface of the issue, be it awareness, lack of resources or disregard for trans men, who also menstruate.”

        The Transmen-ses campaign aims to tackle the issue of silence and disregard for trans men’s menstruation needs, by mobilising gender sensitive health professionals and gender neutral restrooms in Lucknow.

        Read more about the campaign here.

        A Computer Science engineer by education, Nitisha started her career in the corporate sector, before realising she wanted to work in the development and social justice space. Since then, she has worked with Teach For India and Care India and is from the founding batch of Indian School of Development Management (ISDM), a one of its kind organisation creating leaders for the development sector through its experiential learning post graduate program.

        As a Youth Ki Awaaz Menstrual Health Fellow, Nitisha has started Let’s Talk Period, a campaign to mobilise young people to switch to sustainable period products. She says, “80 lakh women in Delhi use non-biodegradable sanitary products, generate 3000 tonnes of menstrual waste, that takes 500-800 years to decompose; which in turn contributes to the health issues of all menstruators, increased burden of waste management on the city and harmful living environment for all citizens.

        Let’s Talk Period aims to change this by

        Find out more about her campaign here.

        Share your details to download the report.

        We promise not to spam or send irrelevant information.

        A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

        A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

        Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

        A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform, demanding that the Government of Assam install
        biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

        Bidisha was selected in’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
        campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

        Sign up for the Youth Ki Awaaz Prime Ministerial Brief below