Understanding The NRC & CAA

A series by Indian Civil Liberties Union, curated by YKA top user Sanobar.


The Constitution of India begins with the words: “We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic... Give to ourselves this Constitution.” It is a declaration that signifies the ownership of the Constitution, which is vested in the people of India. With this series by the Indian Civil Liberties Union and curated by Sanobar, the hope is to create awareness about those affected and also to develop an understanding of NPR, NRC, and CAA for the citizens of India. It comes at a time of storming of the Indian political discourse with the CAA, coupled with NRC, and has led to widespread protests and agitations across the length and breadth of the country and spilled over to the world.


1.9 million

people left out of the NRC in Assam.


₹1600 Crore

approximate cost of the NRC in Assam.


1.3 lakh

people have been declared foreigners.


₹6400 crore

estimated cost of implementing NRC all over India



people dead in Assam's detention cetnres in 3 years.


Sanobar is a student of history and human rights who spends most of her time raising her voice for the people of India and has tried to break stereotypes associated with Muslim women. She has spoken about the issues and rights of women at various workshops, schools, and started online initiatives like #AskAMuslim. She also runs a medical-help program where she helps people get the best treatment possible by coordinating with doctors and patients. When not writing she likes to paint, with Madhubala taking up the most space in her sketchbooks. Sanobar is the co-founder of the Indian Civil Liberties Union - a network of lawyers, activists, paralegals, students and concerned citizens across India who have come together to reach out and provide free legal aid to Indian citizens, especially the poor and the marginalized whose citizenship is threatened by the NRC and the CAA.

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What are your thoughts on the CAA and NRC? Are they discriminatory or much-needed legislation? Share your experiences and opinions and they can be featured as part of the series

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A former Assistant Secretary with the Ministry of Women and Child Development in West Bengal for three months, Lakshmi Bhavya has been championing the cause of menstrual hygiene in her district. By associating herself with the Lalana Campaign, a holistic menstrual hygiene awareness campaign which is conducted by the Anahat NGO, Lakshmi has been slowly breaking taboos when it comes to periods and menstrual hygiene.

A Gender Rights Activist working with the tribal and marginalized communities in india, Srilekha is a PhD scholar working on understanding body and sexuality among tribal girls, to fill the gaps in research around indigenous women and their stories. Srilekha has worked extensively at the grassroots level with community based organisations, through several advocacy initiatives around Gender, Mental Health, Menstrual Hygiene and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) for the indigenous in Jharkhand, over the last 6 years.

Srilekha has also contributed to sustainable livelihood projects and legal aid programs for survivors of sex trafficking. She has been conducting research based programs on maternal health, mental health, gender based violence, sex and sexuality. Her interest lies in conducting workshops for young people on life skills, feminism, gender and sexuality, trauma, resilience and interpersonal relationships.

A Guwahati-based college student pursuing her Masters in Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bidisha started the #BleedwithDignity campaign on the technology platform Change.org, demanding that the Government of Assam install
biodegradable sanitary pad vending machines in all government schools across the state. Her petition on Change.org has already gathered support from over 90000 people and continues to grow.

Bidisha was selected in Change.org’s flagship program ‘She Creates Change’ having run successful online advocacy
campaigns, which were widely recognised. Through the #BleedwithDignity campaign; she organised and celebrated World Menstrual Hygiene Day, 2019 in Guwahati, Assam by hosting a wall mural by collaborating with local organisations. The initiative was widely covered by national and local media, and the mural was later inaugurated by the event’s chief guest Commissioner of Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) Debeswar Malakar, IAS.

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